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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Pashhur; Pashur

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pash´hur , pash´ur ( פּשחוּר , pashḥūr , "splitter," "cleaver"): The name of several persons difficult to individuate:

(1) A priest, son of Immer, and "chief governor in the house of the Lord" (Jeremiah 20:1 ), who persecuted Jeremiah, putting him in "the stocks" hard by the "house of Yahweh" in the "gate of Benjamin" (Jeremiah 20:2 ). When released, Jeremiah pronounced Divine judgment on him and the people. Future captivity and an exile's death are promised to Pashur whose name he changed from its masterful significance to a cowering one. "Terror on every side" (māghōr miṣṣābhı̄bh ) is to take the place of "stable strength" (Jeremiah 20:3 ff).

(2) Son of Melchiah, a prince of Judah, and one of the delegation sent by Zedekiah, the king, to consult Jeremiah (Jeremiah 21:1 ). It looks like a larger and later deputation, similarly sent, to which this Pashur belongs, whose record is given in Jeremiah 38:1-13 . Accompanying them was one, Gedaliah, who was a son of (3).

(3) Another Pashur (Jeremiah 38:1 ), who may be the person mentioned in 1 Chronicles 9:12; Nehemiah 11:12 .

(4) A priest, of those who "sealed" Nehemiah's covenant (Nehemiah 10:1 , Nehemiah 10:3 ), who may, however, be the same as (5).

(5) The chief of a priestly family called "sons of Pashur" (Ezra 2:38; Ezra 10:22; Nehemiah 7:41; 1 Esdras 5:25 ("Phassurus," margin "Pashhur"); 1 Esdras 9:22 ("Phaisur," margin "Pashhur")). Doubtless it is this Pashur, some of whose sons had "strange wives" (Ezra 10:22 ).

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Pashhur; Pashur'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/p/pashhur-pashur.html. 1915.

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