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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
rā´fon ( Ῥαφειών , Rhapheiṓn ): The place where in his campaign East of Jordan Judas inflicted disastrous defeat on the host of Timotheus, the fugitives fleeing for refuge to the temple at Carnaim ( 1 Maccabees 5:37 ff; Ant. , XII , viii, 4). The same place is doubtless referred to by Pliny as "Raphana" ( NH , v. 1 6). It may possibly be represented by the modern Rāfeh , on the East of the pilgrimage road, about 17 miles North of Der‛ah , and 11 miles Northeast of Tell el - ‛Ash‛ary . It is a mile and a half North of Wâdy Kanawāt , which would thus be the "brook" mentioned in the narrative. It is perhaps far enough away from Carnaim, if this is rightly placed at Tell el - ‛Ash‛ary .
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Raphon'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/r/raphon.html. 1915.