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Bible Encyclopedias
Tubal-Cain

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

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tū´bal - kān ( קין תּוּבל , tūbhal ḳayin ): One of the sons of Lamech ( Genesis 4:22 ). He is a brother of Jabal and Jubal, who appear to have been the founders of several industries and articles The text (וברזל נחשת כל־חרש לטש , lōṭēsh kol ḥōrēsh neḥōsheth -bharzel ) has been the cause of endless dispute. Holzinger and Gunkel hold that לטש , lōṭēsh was a marginal gloss to חרש , ḥōrēsh , and that, as in Genesis 4:20 and Genesis 4:21 , there stood before כל־ , kol originally אבי היה הוא , hū hāyāh 'ăbhı̄ . This would make Tubal-cain the founder of the metal industry, and place him in a class similar to that of his brothers. The Septuagint, however, has no equivalent of קיז , ḳayin . This omission leads Dillmann, Wellhausen, and others to the position that "Tubal" originally stood alone, and קיז , ḳayin , being a later addition, was translated "smith." Many commentators identify Tubal with the Assyrian Tubal, a people living Southwest of the Black Sea; in later times they were called "Tibareni" (Ezekiel 27:13 ). Tubal may be the eponymous ancestor of these people, whose principal industry seems to have been the manufacture of vessels of bronze and iron.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Tubal-Cain'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​isb/​t/tubal-cain.html. 1915.
 
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