International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(1) In Genesis 10:23 Uz is the oldest son of Aram and grandson of Shem, while in 1 Chronicles 1:17 Uz is the son of Shem. Septuagint inserts a passage which supplies this lacking name. As the tables of the nations in Gen 10 are chiefly geographical and ethnographical, Uz seems to have been the name of a district or nation colonized by or descended from Semites of the Aramean tribe or family.
(2) The son of Nahor by Milcah, and older brother of Buz (Genesis 2:21 ). Here the name is doubtless personal and refers to an individual who was head of a clan or tribe kindred to that of Abraham.
(3) A son of Dishan, son of Seir the Horite (Genesis 36:28 ), and personal name of a Horite or perhaps of mixed Horite and Aramean blood.
(4) The native land and home of Job (Job 1:1 ), and so situated as to be in more or less proximity to the tribe of the Temanites (Job 2:11 ), the Shuhites (Job 2:11 ), the Naamathites (Job 2:11 ), the Buzites (Job 32:2 ), and open to the inroads of the Chaldeans (Job 1:17 ), and the Sabeans (Job 1:15 the Revised Version (British and American)), as well as exposed to the great Arabian Desert ( Job 1:19 ). See the next article.
(5) A kingdom of some importance somewhere in Southern Syria and not far from Judea, having a number of kings (Jeremiah 25:20 ).
(6) A kingdom, doubtless the same as that of Jeremiah 25:20 and inhabited by or in subjection to the Edomites ( Lamentations 4:21 ), and hence not far from Edom.
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Uz (1)'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/u/uz-1.html. 1915.