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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ab´i -hāl ( אביחיל , 'ăbhı̄ḥayil ; in some manuscripts 'abhihayil , when feminine, but best reading is the former: "father, or cause, of strength"): Five persons in the Old Testament are called by this name: (1) A L evite and the father of Zuriel, who in the Wilderness was head of the house of Merari, Levi's youngest son (Numbers 3:35 ); (2) The wife of Abishur, a man of the tribe of Judah, in the line of Hazron and Jerahmeel (1 Chronicles 2:29 ); (3) One of the heads of the tribe of Gad, who dwelt in Gilead of Bashan (1 Chronicles 5:14 ); (4) Either a wife of Rehoboam, king of Judah, or mother of his wife Mahalath, according to the interpretation of the text (2 Chronicles 11:18 ); probably the latter view is correct, since there is no conjunction in the text, and since (2 Chronicles 11:19 ) contemplates only one wife as already mentioned. This being true, she was the wife of Jerimath, a son of David, and daughter of Eliab, David's eldest brother. It is interesting to note this frequent intermarriage in the Davidic house; (5) Father of Queen Esther, who became wife of Xerxes (Biblical Ahasuerus ) king of Persia, after the removal of the former queen, Vashti, (Esther 2:15; Esther 9:29 ). He was uncle of Mordecai.
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Abihail'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/a/abihail.html. 1915.