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Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature
Gog occurs; , and , as a proper name—that of a prince of Magog, a people that were to come from the North to invade the land of Israel, and be there defeated. In a different sense, but corresponding with the assertions of other Oriental authors, in whose traditions this people occupy an important place, Gog occurs in , as the name of a country.
Interpreters have given very different explanations of the terms Gog and Magog; but they have generally understood them as symbolical expressions for the heathen nations of Asia, or more particularly for the Scythians, a vague knowledge of whom seems to have reached the Jews in Palestine about that period. As a collective name, Magog seems also to indicate in the Hebrew the tribes about the Caucasian mountains. According to Reinegge, some of the Caucasian people call their mountains Gog, and the highest northern points Magog.
Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Gog'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature". https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/kbe/g/gog.html.