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Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature
Iyar is the late name of that month which was the second of the sacred, and the seventh of the civil year of the Jews, and which began with the new moon of May. The few memorable days in it are the 10th, as a fast for the death of Eli; the 14th, as the second or lesser Passover, for those whom uncleanness or absence prevented from celebrating the feast in Nisan (); the 23rd, as a feast instituted by Simon the Maccabee in memory of his taking the citadel Acra in Jerusalem (); the 28th, as a fast for the death of Samuel.
The name Iyar does not occur in the Old Testament, this month being always described as the second month, except in four places in which it is called Ziv (;;; ); which is a curtailed form for 'zehiv,' bright, an appropriate epithet of the month of flowers.
Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Iyar'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature". https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/kbe/i/iyar.html.