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Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature
Pi-beseth, a city of Egypt, named with several others in . The name was derived from the goddess Bubastis, whom the Greeks identified with their Artemis. A great festive pilgrimage was yearly made to her temple in this place by great numbers of people. Bubastus was taken by the Persians, who destroyed the walls; but it was still a place of some consideration under the Romans. It was near Bubastus that the canal leading to Arsinoe (Suez) opened to the Nile; and although the mouth was afterwards often changed and taken more southward, it has now returned to its first locality, as the present canal of Tel-el-Wadee commences in the vicinity of Tel Basta. This Tel Basta, which undoubtedly represents Bubastus, is in N. lat. 30° 30′; E. long. 31° 33′. The site is occupied by mounds of great extent, which consist of the crude brick houses of the town, with the usual heaps of broken pottery. The temple, of which Herodotus states that, although others in Egypt were larger and more magnificent, none were more beautiful, is entirely destroyed; but the remaining stones, being of the finest red granite, confirm the historian's testimony.
Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Pibeseth'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature". https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​kbe/​p/pibeseth.html.