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Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature
Fig. 295—Modern Egyptian Potter
The potter, and the produce of his labors, are often alluded to in the Scriptures. The fragility of his wares, and the ease with which they are destroyed, supply apt emblems of the facility with which human life and power may be broken and destroyed. It is in this figurative use that the potter's vessels are most frequently noticed in Scripture (;;; ). In one place, the power of the potter to form with his clay, by the impulse of his will and hand, vessels either for honorable or for mean uses, is employed with great force by the apostle to illustrate the absolute power of God in molding the destinies of men according to His pleasure (). The first distinct mention of earthenware vessels is in the case of the pitchers in which Gideon's men concealed their lamps, and which they broke in pieces when they withdrew their lamps from them (; ). Pitchers and bottles are indeed mentioned earlier; but the 'bottle' which contained Hagar's water () was undoubtedly of skin; and although Rebekah's pitcher was possibly of earthenware (), we cannot be certain that it was so.
Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Potter'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature". https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​kbe/​p/potter.html.