The Nuttall Encyclopedia
A republic of S. America, of Spanish origin, created in 1822; derives its name from its position on the equator; lies between Columbia and Peru; is traversed by the Andes, several of the peaks of which are actively volcanic; the population consists of Peruvian Indians, negroes, Spanish Creoles; exports cocoa, coffee, hides, and medicinal plants; the administration is vested in a president, a vice-president, two ministers, a senate of 18, and a house of deputies of 30, elected by universal suffrage.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Ecuador'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/e/ecuador.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.