The Nuttall Encyclopedia
The capital of Scotland, on the Firth of Forth, picturesquely situated amid surrounding hills; derives its name from Edwin, king of Northumbria in the 7th century; was created a burgh in 1329 by Robert the Bruce, and recognised as the capital in the 15th century, under the Stuarts; it has absorbed in its growth adjoining municipalities; is noted as an educational centre; is the seat of the Supreme Courts; has a university, castle, and royal palace, and the old Scotch Parliament House, now utilised by the Law Courts; brewing and printing are the chief industries, but the upper classes of the citizens are for the most part either professional people or living in retirement.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Edinburgh'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/e/edinburgh.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.