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The Nuttall Encyclopedia
A set of medieval fanatics, who first arose in Italy in 1260, and subsequently appeared in other quarters of Europe, and who thought by self-flagellation to atone for sin and avert divine judgment, hoping by a limited number of stripes to compensate for a century of scourgings; the practice arose at a time when it was reckoned that the final judgment of the world was at hand.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Flagellants'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/f/flagellants.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.
the Sixth Week after Easter