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The Nuttall Encyclopedia
The first of August, literally "the loaf-mass" day or festival day at the beginning of harvest, one of the cross quarter days, Whitsuntide, Martinmas, and Candlemas being the other three.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Lammas Day'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/l/lammas-day.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.