The Nuttall Encyclopedia
The chief of a group of small volcanic islands with precipitous coasts, in the Atlantic, 400 m. off Morocco; has peaks 6000 ft. high and deep picturesque ravines; the island is a favourite resort for consumptives; the climate is very mild and equable, the rainfall moderate, and the soil fertile; crops of cereals and potatoes are raised; oranges, lemons, grapes, figs, and bananas abound; Madeira wine is famous, and the chief export; Funchal is the capital, with an exposed harbour and some good buildings; the islands form a province of Portugal.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Madeira'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/m/madeira.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.