The Nuttall Encyclopedia
Since 1561 the capital of Spain, on the Manzanares, a mere mountain torrent, on an arid plateau in New Castile, the centre of the peninsula; is an insanitary city, and liable to great extremes of temperature; it is regularly built, sometimes picturesque, with great open spaces, such as the Prado, 3 m. long; fine buildings and handsome streets. It contains the royal palace, parliament and law-court houses, a university, magnificent picture-gallery, many charitable institutions, and a bull-ring. The book-publishing, tapestry weaving, and tobacco industries are the most important. It is a growing and prosperous city.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Madrid'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/m/madrid.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.