The Nuttall Encyclopedia
A musical composer, born at Cologne, of Jewish parents, creator of the opera bouffe; was the author of "La Belle Hélène," "Orphée aux Enfers," "La Grande Duchesse," "Madame Favart," &c. (1810-1880)
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Offenbach, Jacques'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/o/offenbach-jacques.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.