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The Nuttall Encyclopedia
In Church history is the name given originally to the bishops of Rome, Antioch, and Alexandria, and later to those also of Constantinople and Jerusalem, who held a higher rank than other bishops, and exercised a certain authority over the bishops in their districts. The title is in vogue in the Greek, Syrian, Armenian, and other Churches. It was originally given to the chief of a race or clan, the members of which were called after him.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Patriarch'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/p/patriarch.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.