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The Nuttall Encyclopedia
A people, for long of uncertain origin, but now generally believed to have been originally emigrants from Crete, who settled in the plain, some 40 m. long by 15 broad, extending along the coast of Palestine from Joppa on the N. to the desert on the S., and whose chief cities were Ashdod, Askelon, Ekron, Gaza, and Gath; they were a trading and agricultural people, were again and again a thorn in the side of the Israelites, but gradually tamed into submission, so as to be virtually extinct in the days of Christ; their chief god was Dagon (q. v .).
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Philistines'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/p/philistines.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.