The Nuttall Encyclopedia
An interesting old city of Spain, capital of a province of the same name, occupies a hilly site on the Tormes, here spanned by a Roman bridge, 110 m. NW. of Madrid, long famous for its university, which in its heyday (16th century) numbered 8000 students, now fallen to 400; holds within its surrounding walls many fine old cathedrals, colleges, and other buildings; its industries are greatly fallen off, and consist mainly of cloth, linen, leather, and pottery manufacturing; in this neighbourhood Wellington won a great victory over the French on July 22,1812.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Salamanca'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/s/salamanca.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.