The Nuttall Encyclopedia
A city and seaport of the United States, founded in 1626 on a peninsula in Massachusetts Bay, 15 m. NE. of Boston; its foreign trade has fallen away, but a good coasting trade is done in ice and coal; manufactures include cottons, jutes, shoes, &c. 2, Capital of Oregon, on the Willamette River, 720 m. N. of San Francisco.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Salem, 1'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/s/salem-1.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.