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The Nuttall Encyclopedia
Synagogue, the Great
The name given to a council at Jerusalem, consisting of 120 members, there assembled about the year 410 B.C. to give final form to the service and worship of the Jewish Church. A Jewish tradition says Moses received the law from Sinai; he transmitted it to Joshua, Joshua to the elders, the elders to the prophets, to the men of the Great Assembly, who added thereto these words: "Be circumspect in judgment, make many disciples, and set a hedge about the law." To them belong the final settlement and arrangement of the Jewish Scriptures, the introduction of a new alphabet, the regulation of the synagogue worship, and the adoption of sundry liturgical forms, as well as the establishment of the Feast of Purim (q. v .), and probably the "schools" of the Scribes.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Synagogue, the Great'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/s/synagogue-the-great.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.