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The Nuttall Encyclopedia
A word derived from a Turanian root signifying "to pitch a tent," hence appropriate to nomadic tribes, became converted by European chroniclers into Tartar, a fanciful derivative from Tartaros (Gr. hell), and suggestive of fiends from hell. Tartary, as a geographical expression of the Middle Ages, embraced a vast stretch of territory from the Dnieper, in Eastern Europe, to the Sea of Japan; but subsequently dwindled away to Chinese and Western Turkestan.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Tatar'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/t/tatar.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.