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The Nuttall Encyclopedia
Capital of the ancient Grecian State Boeotia (q. v .), whose site on the slopes of Mount Teumessus, 44 m. NW. of Athens, is now occupied by the village of Thiva; its legendary history, embracing the names of Cadmus, Dionysus, Hercules, Oedipus, &c., and authentic struggles with Athens and Sparta during the Peloponnesian War, its rise to supremacy under Epaminondas over all Greece, and its destruction by Alexander, have all combined to place it amongst the most famous cities of ancient Greece.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Thebes (2)'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/t/thebes-2.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.