The Nuttall Encyclopedia
An ancient fortified city in the dep. Nord, France, on the Scheldt, 32 m. SE. of Lille, with a citadel planned by Vauban, a fine town-hall, and a modern Gothic church and other buildings; has textile manufactures, besides iron-works, and was once famous for its lace.
Wood, James, ed. Entry for 'Valenciennes'. The Nuttall Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/nut/v/valenciennes.html. Frederick Warne & Co Ltd. London. 1900.