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The Catholic EncyclopediaFriar Minor
and chronicler, born c. 1262; died c. 1348. His father Rinaldo, Lord of Sarnano in the Marches, belonged to an ancient and noble family
of French origin, from which sprang the famous Countess Matilda. Ugolino entered the Order of Friars Minor
at the age of sixteen and served his novitiate
at the convent
of Roccabruna, but passed most of his life at the convent
of Santa Maria
in Monte Giorgio, whence he is often called Ugolino of Monte Giorgio. In 1295 he was chosen Bishop
of Abruzzi (Teramo) under Celestine V
, but before his consecration
had resigned and Boniface VIII
who suspected Ugolino as belonging to the Zelanti annulled the appointment (see Bull
"In Supremae Dignitatis Specula" in "Bullarium Francis", IV, 376. Nearly fifty years later he was elected provincial
. Most scholars are now agreed on fixing upon Ugolino as the author of the "Fioretti" or "Little Flowers of St. Francis" in their original form. For recent research has revealed that this classic collection of narratives, which forms one of the most delightful productions of the Middle Ages
, or rather the fifty-three chapters which form the true
text of the "Fioretti" (for the four appendixes are additions of later compilers) were translated into Italian by an unknown fourteenth-century friar
from a larger Latin work attributed to Ugolino. Although this Latin original has not come down to us, we have in the "Actus B. Francisci et Sociorum Ejus", edited by Paul Sabatier in "Collection d'Etudes" (Paris, 1902, IV), an approximation to it which may be considered on the whole as representing the original of the "Fioretti". That Ugolino was the principal compiler of the "Actus" seems certain
; how far he may be considered the sole author of the "Fioretti" of the primitive "Actus Fioretti" is not so clear. His labour which consisted chiefly in gathering the flowers for his bouquet from written and oral local tradition appears to have been completed before 1328.
WADDING, Script. ord. Min. (1650), 179; SBARALEA, Supplementum (8106), addenda 727; LUIGI DA FABRIANO, Disquisizione istorica intorno all' autore dei Fioretti (Fabriano, 1883); Cenni cronologico-biografici dell' osservante Provincia Picena (Quaracchi, 1886), 232 sqq.; MANZONI, Fioretti (2nd ed., Rome, 1902), prefazione; SABATIER, Fioretum S. Francisci (Paris, 1902), preface; MARIOTTI, Primordi Gloriosi dell' ordine Minoritico nelle Marche (Castelplanio, 1903), VI; ARNOLD, The Authorship of the Fioretti (London, 1904); PACE, L'autore del Floretum in Rivista Abruzzese, ann. XIX, fasc. II; VAN ORTROY in Annal. Bolland., XXI, 443 sqq.
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Obstat, Nihil. Lafort, Remy, Censor. Entry for 'Ugolino Brunforte'. The Catholic Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/u/ugolino-brunforte.html. Robert Appleton Company. New York. 1914.