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The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia
A city on the border of Benjamin in the wilderness (Joshua 18:12), east of Bethel (Joshua 7:2) and west of Michmash (1 Samuel 13:5). It was the scene of a battle between Saul and the Philistines, in which the latter were defeated (1 Samuel 14:23).
In Hosea 4:15, 5:8, 10:5, Beth-aven is probably a disguise for Beth-el, particularly in 10:5, where calves of Beth-aven as objects of idolatry are mentioned.
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Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Beth-Aven'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tje/b/beth-aven.html. 1901.