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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Gezer

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Ancient Canaanitish city mentioned in Egyptian inscriptions and the Amarna letters as being the seat of a local prince (comp. Joshua 10:33, 12:12). The Israelites failed to conquer it (Joshua 16:10; Judges 1:29; comp. 2 Samuel 5:25; 1 Chronicles 14:16). Solomon received it as a present from the Egyptian king (who had destroyed it), and rebuilt it (1 Kings 9:15-17). The city is mentioned in Josh. xvi, 3 and 1 Chronicles 7:28 as an Ephraimite border city; in Joshua 21:21 and 1 Chronicles 6:52 as a Levitical city (comp. 1 Chronicles 20:4: reading uncertain). At the time of the Maccabees it is again met with; it was fortified by Bacchides, but was conquered by Simon, who drove out the inhabitants and settled it with faithful Jews (I Macc. 4:15; 7:45; 9:52; 13:43,53; 14:7,34; 15:28; 16:1). Under Gabinius, Gazara (Greek, "Gadara") became the chief town of its district. The site was unknown until Clermont-Ganneau in 1873 discovered it in Tell al-Jazar, near 'Amwas. Here the famous boundary-stone was found with the inscription in Maccabean characters. See illustration under BOUNDARIES.

Bibliography:
  • Max Müller, Asien und Europa, p. 160;
  • Comptes Rendus des Séances de I'Académie des Inscriptions, 1874;
  • Pal. Explor. Fund, Memoirs, 2:428;
  • Schürer, Gesch. i 245 et seq., 339.
E. G. H.
F. Bu.
Map of Location

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Gezer'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tje/g/gezer.html. 1901.

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