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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Ichabod

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Son of Phinehas and grandson of Eli. Born after the death in battle of his father and the tragic death of his grandfather, he was named "Ichabod" ( = particle of negation; = "glory") by his dying mother, who exclaimed at the same time, "The glory is departed from Israel" (1 Samuel 4:14-22). Thus, his very name embodied a memorial of a great battle which resulted disastrously for Israel.

The Septuagint rendering of "Ichabod"—"wo to the glory of Israel "—points to a similar origin ( = "wo"; comp. Ecclesiastes 10:16). The name occurs but once besides, in 1 Samuel 14:3, where Ahijah, son of Ahitub, Ichabod's (evidently elder) brother, is mentioned as a priest. The description of Ahitubas "Ichabod's brother" is evidence that Ichabod was a priest of recognized importance in Israel at this period.

E. G. H.
I. M. P.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Ichabod'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tje/i/ichabod.html. 1901.

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