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The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia
Tenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The name seems to be connected with "yad," meaning "hand"; the Phenician "yod" remotely resembles a hand in form. The letter is a palatal semivowel, identical in sound with the English "y." Preceded by the cognate vowel "i" (= Eng. "ee"), it blends with it, the resulting combination being long "" With a preceding a-vowel it forms the diphthong "ai," which in Hebrew (that language having preserved no diphthongal sounds) has become "ē" (= Eng. "ay"). As a radical, "yod" sometimes interchanges with "waw." As a numeral, it has in the later usage the value 10. The Tetragrammaton is sometimes represented by "yod," its first letter.
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Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Yod'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tje/y/yod.html. 1901.
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