corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.20.02.19
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Raphael

Resource Toolbox
Additional Links

raf´ā́ - el , rā´fā́ - el ( רפאל , rephā'ēl , from rāphā' 'ēl , "God has healed"; Ῥαφαήλ , Rhaphaḗl ): The name of the angel who, as Azarias, guides Tobias to ECBATANA and RAGES (which see). The purpose of his mission is, in accordance with his name, to cure Tobit of blindness, and to deliver Sarah, the daughter of Raguel, from the power of the evil spirit Asmodaeus (Tobit 3:8 ; 12:14 ). Later, in addition, when he reveals himself (Tobit 12:15 ), he declares that he is "one of the seven holy angels, which present the prayers of the saints, and go in before the glory of the Holy One." These seven angels are derived, according to Dr. Kohut, from the seven Am-shaspands ( Amesha - spentas ) of Zôr oastrianism (compare Revelation 4:5 ). At the head of the elaborate angelology of the Enoch books there are "four presences," and Raphael is one of them (En 40:9; 54:6). In the first of these passages Raphael is the healer; in the second, he with Michael, Gabriel and Phanuel lead the wicked away to punishment. These four presences seem related to the four "living creatures" of Ezekiel (Ezekiel 1:5 ) and of the Apocalypse (Revelation 4:6 ). While this is the general representation of Raphael's position in Enoch, in Ezekiel 20:3 he is named among the angels who "watch," whose number according to the Greek text is seven. Raphael shared in the function assigned to the archangels, in the Oracula Sibyllina , of leading souls to the judgment seat of God (II, 215, Alexandre's text). He occupies a prominent place in Jewish medieval writings; he with Michael and Gabriel cured Abraham (Yōmā' 37a); according to the book Zōhar , Raphael conveyed to Adam a book containing 72 kinds of wisdom in 670 writings. The painters of the Renaissance frequently depicted Raphael.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and were generously provided by the folks at WordSearch Software.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Raphael'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/isb/r/raphael.html. 1915.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, February 19th, 2020
the Sixth Week after Epiphany
There are 53 days til Easter!
ADVERTISEMENT
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Z 

 
Prev Entry
Rapha; Raphah
Next Entry
Raphaim
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology