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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1024 - βραχύς

of uncertain affinity
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  1. short, small, little
    1. of place, a short distance, a little
    2. of time, a short time, for a little while
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4193 ‑ מוֹת (mohth);  4592 ‑ מְעָט (meh‑at', meh‑awt');  6996 ‑ קָטֹן (kaw‑tawn', kaw‑tone');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βρᾰχύς, εῖα

(Ion. έα Hdt. 5.49), ύ, dat. pl. βραχέοις JHS 33.317 (Thess.): Comp. βραχύτερος, βραχίων (cf. βράσσων): Sup. βραχύτατος, βράχιστος: —


1 of Space and Time, β. οἶμος, ὁδός, Pi. P. 4.248, Pl. Lg. 718e, etc.; [ αἰών ] prob. in B. 3.74; βίος Hdt. 7.46; καιρός Call. Epigr. 9; χρόνος A. Pr. 939, Pers. 713, etc.; μῦθος, λόγος, Id. Pr. 505, v.l. in Pers. 713; ἐν βραχεῖ (Ion. βραχέϊ) in a short time, Hdt. 5.24, Pl. Smp. 217a codd.; διὰ βραχέος Th. 2.83; μακρὰν συνήθειαν βραχεῖ λῦσαι χρόνῳ Men. 726; βραχὺ τῃδὶ μεταστῶμεν for a moment, Id. Georg. 32; of distance, β. ἀπόδοσις short return in ballplay, Antiph. 234.6; ἐπὶ βραχὺ ἐξικνεῖσθαι X. An. 3.3.17; πρὸ βραχέος lamb. VP 25.112: Comp., ἡ φάλαγξ -υτέρα ἐγένετο ἀναδιπλουμένη X. Cyr. 7.5.5; τάξιν -υτέραν ἢ πρόσθεν, βαθυτέραν δὲ ποιήσαντες Plb. 1.33.10; βραχύτερα τοξεύειν X. An. 3.3.7. Adv. βραχέως, [πολέμους] ἐπ' ἀλλήλους ἐπιφέρειν scantily, seldom, Th. 1.141.

2. of Size, short, small, μορφάν β. Pi. I. 4(3).53; βραχὺς ἐξικέσθαι θεῶν ἕδραν too puny to reach.., ib. 7(6).44; β. τεῦχος S. El. 1113, cf. 757; β. τεῖχος a low wall, Th. 7.29; βραχύ μοι στόμα πάντ' ἀναγήσασθαι my mouth is too small to.., Pi. N. 10.19; κατὰ β. προϊών little by little, Th. 1.64, cf. Pl. Sph. 241c; παρὰ βραχύ scarcely, hardly, φυγεῖν Alciphr. 3.5; βραχύ τι λωφᾶν ἀπὸ νόσου καὶ πολέμου Th. 6.12; ἁλὸς βραχύ a small quantity of salt, Bilabel Ὀψαρτ. p.11.

3. of Number, few, ἐν βραχεῖ in few words, Pi. P. 1.82, S. El. 673; ἐν βραχίστοις Pi. I. 6(5).59; ἐν βραχυτέροις Pl. Grg. 449c; so διὰ βραχέων in few words, Id. Prt. 336a; ὡς ἂν δύνωμαι διὰ βραχυτάτων D. 27.3, Lys. 16.9, cf. Pl. Grg. 449c; ὡς ἐν βραχυτάτοις Antipho 1.18. Adv. βραχέως, ἀπολογεῖσθαι briefly, in few words, X. HG 1.7.5.

4. of Value or Importance, of persons, humble, insignificant, S. OC 880; τὸν μὲν ἀφ' ὑψηλῶν βραχὺν ᾤκισε E. Heracl. 613; β. τὴν διάνοιαν J. AJ 12.4.1; of things, petty, trifling, ἀρχὴ β. ἐλπίδος S. OT 121; χάρις Id. Tr. 1217; πρόφασις E. IA 1180; β. τις ἀσάφεια a slight obscurity, Gal. 18(1).304; λυπεῖν τινὰ βραχύ, opp. μέγ' εὑρεῖν κέρδος, S. El. 1304; οὐ περὶ βραχέων βουλεύεσθαι Th. 1.78, cf. 140; β. καὶ οὐδενὸς ἄξιον Id. 8.76; β. κέρδους ἕνεκα Lys. 7.17; οὐσία Isaiah 10:25 : neut. as Adv., βραχὺ φροντίζειν τινός think lightly of, D. 17.4.

5. short, of vowels or syllables, Arist. Cat. 4b34, Rh. 1409a18, Po. 1458a15, Heph. 1.1, D.T. 631, etc.; ἡ β. προσῳδία the sign, S.E. M. 1.113. (Cf. Avest. m[schwa]r[schwa]zu- 'short', Goth. gamaurgjan 'shorten', Lat. brevIsa)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βραχύς, βραχεια, βραχύ, short, small, little (from Pindar, Herodotus, Thucydides down);

a. of place; neuter βραχύ adverbially, a short distance, a little: Acts 27:28 (2 Samuel 16:1; Thucydides 1, 63).

b. of time; βραχύ τί a short time, for a little while: Hebrews 2:7, 9, (where the writer transfers to time what the Sept. in Psalm 8:6 says of rank); Acts 5:34 (here L T Tr WH omit τί); μετά βραχύ shortly after, Luke 22:58.

c. of quantity and measure; βραχύ τί (Tr text WH omits; L Tr marginal reading brackets τί) some little part, a little: John 6:7 (βραχύ τί τοῦ μέλιτος, 1 Samuel 14:29; ἔλαιον βραχύ, Josephus, Antiquities 9, 4, 2; βραχυτατος λιβανωτός, Philo de vict. off. § 4); διά βραχέων in few namely, words, briefly, Hebrews 13:22 (so (Plato, Demosthenes, others (cf. Bleek on Hebrews, the passage cited)) Josephus, b. j. 4, 5, 4; ἐν βραχυτάτω δηλουν to show very briefly, Xenophon, Cyril 1, 2, 15).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

βραχύς , -εῖα , - ,

[in LXX chiefly for H4592;]


(a) of time; short, little: βραχύ , Acts 5:34; μετὰ β ., Luke 22:58; β . τι , a short time, Hebrews 2:7; Hebrews 2:9, RV, mg.;

(b) of distance: Acts 27:28;

(c) of quantity or value, little, few: John 6:7, Hebrews 2:7; Hebrews 2:9, RV, txt.; pl., διὰ βραχέων , in few words, Hebrews 13:22.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The adjective is used of stature in P Tebt I. 32.23 (? B.C. 145) ἔστιν δὲ ὡς (ἐτῶν ) κβ ̄ βραχὺς μελίχρ (ως ) κλαστός , ";he is about 22 years of age, short, fair, curly-haired"; (Edd.) : cf. P Petr I. 13 (2).10, 14.22 (both B.C. 237), etc. In P Oxy IV. 705.77 (A.D. 200–2) we have ἐπίδοσίν τ [ινα ] βραχεῖαν , ";a trifling benefaction,"; and in the epigram PSI I. 17i. 1 (? iii/A.D.) the editor understands οὐ βραχὺν ἂνδρα as a man ";not of small account"; in view of the ἐπισημ [ότατον ] which follows. In CPHerm 7ii. 18 (? ii/iii A.D.) ἄλλαι ἐσκορπισμέναι ἐν τῷ χωρίῳ βραχῖαι μύξαι , it is applied to ";small plumtrees,"; and in Vettius Valens, p. 78.26 to a ";small"; army or town. So P Lille I. 1 verso.15 (B.C. 259–8) εἰς ὃ ἔσται βραχὺ τὸ ἀνάλωμα . For β . of time cf. P Par 51.17 (B.C. 160) (= Selections, p. 20) ἔτι βραχὺ ἔχω . . ., ";I have still for a little while . . .,"; P Fay 204 (ii/iii A.D.) ὁ βίος βραχύ [ς ], and P. Strass I. 22.21 (iii/A.D.) ἀφορμὴν κἂν βραχεῖαν δικαίαν κατοχῆς . The phrase διὰ βραχέων . as in Hebrews 13:22, occurs in P Strass I. 41.8 (A.D. 250) διὰ βραχέων σε διδάξω : cf. also BGU III. 1011ii. 11 (ii/B.C.) ὡς βραχύτατα γράφειν . That ";short,"; in a document or a sermon, is a relative term, is rather amusingly shown at the end of a very long petition, P Flor III. 296.58 (vi/A.D.) . .]ἡγείσθω δὲ τῶν βραχέων μου γραμμάτων ἡ ἐποφειλ ̣ομένη ὑμῖν ἐξ ̣ [ἐμοῦ ?] προσκύνησις καὶ ὁ ἀσπασμός μου ὡς οὐ χάρτης χωρεῖ , δέσποτ ̣α ̣.

For an example of the irregular comparative, see the astronomical papyrus P Par 1.151, written about ii/B.C., where we have καθ᾽ ὃν ὁ ἥλιος φερόμενος τὴν μὲν ἡμέραν βραχυτέραν ποιεῖ , τὴν δὲ νύκτα μακροτέραν . Doubtless, as Blass assumes, the original author in iv/B.C. wrote βραχυτάτην and μακροτάτην , and this makes the scribe’s alteration two centuries later all the more significant : see Proleg. p. 78. On the ";barbarism"; βραχήν found in Asia Minor, and its witness to local pronunciation, see Thumb Hellen. p. 139.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βραχέα βραχεί βραχείς βραχεων βραχέων βραχυ βραχύ βραχὺ bracheon bracheōn brachéon brachéōn brachu brachy brachý brachỳ
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