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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1028 - βροχή
- a besprinkling, watering, rain
- used of a heavy shower or violent rainstorm
βροχή, ἡ, (βρέχω)
I rain, Democr. 14.8, LXX Psalms 68:10(67).10, Matthew 7:25, Ph. 1.48, Gp. 2.39.7.
II moistening, Dsc. 1.49, Philagr. ap. Orib. 5.32.1, Mnesith.ib. 8.35.11; steeping, in brewing, PTeb. 401.27 (i A. D.).
1. inundation of the Nile, in pl., POxy. 280.5 (i A. D.), Heph.Astr. 1.23.
2. irrigation, Thphr. HP 9.6.3, PPetr. 3p.119 (iii B. C.).
† βροχή , -ῆς , ἡ
(< βρέχω ),
[in LXX: Psalms 68:9; Psalms 105:32 (H1653)*;]
1. = βροχετός , a wetting (in Papyri, of irrigation in Egypt; Deiss., LAE, 77).
2. As in MGr. (Kennedy, Sources, 153), = ὑετός , rain: Matthew 7:25; Matthew 7:27.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The evidence already adduced under βρέχω is in itself sufficient to throw suspicion on Thayer’s (p. 694) classing this amongst ";Biblical"; words, and as a matter of fact we can now cite many instances of βροχή from profane sources. Thus from Ptolemaic times comes P Petr III. 43 (2) recto ii. 13 (B.C. 245) πρὸς τὴν βροχὴν τῆ ̣ς ̣ τω ̣̑ν κλη ̣[ρουχι ]κ ̣ῶν ἱππέων γῆς , and almost contemporary with the NT passage (Matthew 7:25; Matthew 7:27) is P Oxy II. 280.5 (A.D. 88–9) a lease of land εἰς ἔτη τέσσαρα βροχὰς τέσσαρες . From this it would appear, as the editors point out, that if there was no βροχή , the year was not to count as one of the four years; and they compare the clause frequently found in leases, ἐὰν δέ τις τοῖς ἑξῆς ἔτεσι ἄβροχος γένηται , παραδεχθήσεται τῷ μεμισθωμένῳ (e.g. P. Oxy I. 101.25, A.D. 142). See also Archiv iv. p. 177, and for a notification of ἀβροχία BGU I. 139 (A.D. 202) (= Chrest. I. 225). For βροχή in another sense see P Tebt II. 401.27 (early i/A.D.), where in the accounts of a beer-seller there is an item βροχῆς (ἀρτάβαι ) β ̄, which seems to be part of the brewing process. In MGr βροχή is ";rain,"; βροχερός ";rainy.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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