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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1031 - βρύχω

Root Word (Etymology)
a primary word
Parts of Speech
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  1. to grind, gnash with the teeth
  2. to bite, to chew
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2786 ‑ חָרַק (khaw‑rak);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Acts 1
NAS (1)
Acts 1
CSB (1)
Acts 1
BSB (1)
Acts 1
ESV (1)
Acts 1
WEB (1)
Acts 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βρυχός, = βρύκος, Hsch. βρύχω, v. βρύκω; but βρυχομαι, v. βρυχάομαι.

βρύκω or βρύχω []

(the former Att. acc. to Moer. and Ammon.; the distn. βρύκω bite, βρύχω gnash does not hold good), mostly pres.: fut. βρύξω Hp. Mul. 1.2, Lyc. 678: aor. ἔβρυξα Hp. Epid. 5.8, Nic. Th. 207, al., AP 7.624 (Diod.), (ἐπ-) Archipp. 35: aor. 2 ἔβρῠχε AP 9.252 (late, perh. impf.): for βέβρῡχα, v. βρυχάομαι: — Pass., v. infr.:

I eat greedily, gobble, γνάθος ἱππείη βρύκει champs the bit, Hom. Epigr. 14.13; ἑφθὰ καὶ ὀπτὰ [κρέα].. βρύκειν E. Cyc. 358, cf. 372; πρὸς ταῦτα βρύκετ' Ar. Pax 1315; bite, βρύκουσ' ἀπέδεσθαι.. τοὺς δακτύλους biting, Id. Av. 26; of smoke, ὀδὰξ ἔβρυκε τὰς λήμας ἐμοῦ Id. Lys. 301; later, simply, devour, consume, Nic. Al. 489, al.; βρύξας, of the sea, is perh. f.l. for βρόξας in AP 7.624 (Diod.): metaph., tear in pieces, devour, of a gnawing disease, βρύκει S. Tr. 987 (lyr.); βρύκει γὰρ ἅπαν τὸ παρόν Cratin. 58; τὰ πατρῷα βρύκει Diph. 43.27: Pass., ἀπόλωλα, τέκνον, βρύκομαι S. Ph. 745; βρυχθεὶς ἁλί AP 9.267 (Phil.).

II gnash or grind the teeth, τοὺς ὀδόντας βρύχει Hp. Mul. 1.7, etc., cf. AP 15.51 (Arch.); τὸ στόμα β. Babr. 95.45; β. τοὺς ὀδόντας ἐπί τινα Acts 7:54; also βρύχει alone, Hp. Mul. 2.120; also intr., οἱ ὀδόντες βρύχουσι ib. 1.36; βρῦκον στόμα Nic. Al. 226, cf. Th. 207, al.: Med., βρύχονται Hp. Morb.Sacr. 1 (prob.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

βρύχω: (imperfect ἔβρυχον); to grind, gnash, with the teeth: ὀδόντας ἐπί τινα, Acts 7:54 (Job 16:9; Psalm 34:16 (); Psalm 36:12 () for בִּשְׁנַּיִם חָרַק and שִׁנַּיִם חָרַק; intransitive, without ὀδόντας (quoted in Hermippus ()) Plutarch, Pericl. 33 at the end; (Hipp. (see Liddell and Scott))). Of the same origin as βρύκω (cf. δέχω and δέκω), to bite, chew; see Hermann on Sophocles Philoct. 735;Ellendt, Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word βρύκω).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(Attic, βρύκω ),

[in LXX: Job 16:9, Psalms 35:16; Psalms 37:12; Psalms 112:10, Lamentations 2:16 (H2786) *;]

1. to bite or eat greedily.

2. to gnash, grind, with the teeth: Acts 7:54.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
βρύξει έβρυξαν έβρυξεν εβρυχον έβρυχον ἔβρυχον ebruchon ebrychon ébrychon
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