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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1088 - γέρων

Root Word (Etymology)
of uncertain affinity, cf (G1094)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. an old man
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2205 ‑ זָקֵן (zaw‑kane');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

γέρων, οντος, ὁ,


1. old man, Il. 1.33, etc.: pleon., παλαιοὶ γέροντες Ar. Ach. 676; ἄνους τε καὶ γ. S. Ant. 281, cf. Ar. Eq. 1349; ἀεὶ γὰρ ἡβᾷ τοῖς γέρουσιν εὖ μαθεῖν A. Ag. 584; καλὸν δὲ καὶ γέροντα μανθάνειν σοφά Id. Fr. 396.

2. γέροντες, οἱ, Elders, Chiefs, κίκλησκεν δὲ γέροντας ἀριστῆας Παναχαιῶν Il. 2.404 sq., cf. 9.574, Od. 2.14; later, Senators, esp. at Sparta, Hdt. 1.65, 6.57, Pl. Lg. 692a, IG 22.687, Arist. Pol. 1265b38 (sg. γέροντι IG 5(1).1346, but usu. γερουσίας, q. v.); in other states, as at Elis, Arist. Pol. 1306a17, cf. 1272a7, OGI 479.11 (Dorylaeum).

II as Adj., old, γέρον σάκος Od. 22.184; γ. γράμμα A. Fr. 331; more freq. in masc., γ. πατήρ Il. 1.358, Od. 18.53; ἀνὴρ γ. Thgn. 1351; γ. χαλκός Simon. 144; γ. λόγος A. Ag. 750 (lyr.); ἵππος S. El. 25; πόνος Id. OC 1258 (codd. but πίνος Scaliger, edd.); οἶνος Alex. 167.5, cf. Eub. 124; πέπλος, λέμβος, Theoc. 7.17, 21.12: rarely in Prose, οἱ γέροντες τῶν ἰχθύων Arist. HA 607b28; of stags, ib. 611b3; Ἀντίγονος ὁ γ. Antigonus the Elder, Plu. Pel. 2: neut. pl., γέροντα βουλεύεις (for ἀρχαῖα) S. Fr. 794.

III part of the spinning-wheel, Pherecr. 114. (Skt. járant- 'old', járati 'render infirm'; cf. γέρας.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

γέρων, γεροντος, (from Homer down), an old man: John 3:4. (Synonym: cf. Augustine in Trench, § 107:2.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

γέρως , -οςτος , ,

[in LXX for H2205;]

an old man: John 3:4.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

OGIS 479.11 (ii/A.D. init.) ἱερεὺς τῆς τῶν γερόντων Ὁμονοίας . BGU IV. 1141.99 (B.C. 14) εἶπεν ὁ γε ̣ρ ̣ω ̣ν ̣ μ [ ] εἰδέναι αὐτὸν τὸ καθόλον περὶ τούτων μηδέν . P Ryl II. 77.34 (A.D. 192) μιμοῦ τὸν πα ̣[τ ]ε ̣ρα τὸν φιλότιμον τὸν [γ ]έρ ̣ον ̣τ ̣α φῶτα , ";imitate your father the lover of office, the brave old man"; : note that γέρων here plays the part of adj. to the poetical word φώς —see the editors’ note. CP Herm 100.7 (fragment). The word is not very often met with, but its continued existence in the vernacular is attested by the MGr γέροντας (also γέρος ), as well as derivatives like γερνῶ (aor. ἐγέρασα ) which show mixture with the kindred γῆρας .



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
γέροντα γέροντες γερόντων γερων γέρων γεύμα γεύσει geron gerōn géron gérōn
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