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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1094 - γῆρας

Root Word (Etymology)
akin to (G1088)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. old age
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2207 ‑ זֹקֶן (zo'‑ken);  7869 ‑ שֵׂיב (sabe);  7872 ‑ שֵׂיבָה (say‑baw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Luke 1
NAS (2)
Luke 2
CSB (1)
Luke 1
BSB (1)
Luke 1
ESV (1)
Luke 1
WEB (1)
Luke 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

γῆρας, τό,

gen. γήραος Il. 22.60, al., Archil. 116, Mimn. 2.6, Pi. O. 8.71, etc.; γήρως Thgn. 174, Att. (v. infr.): dat. γήραϊ Pi. N. 7.99, Hdt. 6.24, contr. γήρᾳ S. Aj. 507, etc., γήρατι v.l. in Adam. Phgn. 1.14 (cf. γῆρος):

I old age, γ. λυγρόν Od. 24.250; στυγερόν Il. 19.336; ἐπὶ γήραος οὐδῷ (v. οὐδός) 22.60; opp. γ. λιπαρόν, Od. 19.368, Pi. l.c.; γ. πολιόν Thgn. 174; γῆρας ἐκδῦναι, ἀποσείσασθαι, Ar. Pax 336, Lys. 670 (with play on signf. 11); ἐπὶ γήρως in old age, Id. Eq. 524; ἐν τῷ γήρᾳ Pl. R. 329c, Lys. 2.73; σὺν γήρᾳ, ἐν γ. βαρύς, S. OT 17, Aj. 1017; διανοίας γ. Arist. Pol. 1271a1: metaph., οὐκ ἔστι γῆρας τοῦδε τοῦ μιάσματος, i.e. it never wears out, A. Th. 682.

II cast skin, slough of a serpent, γῆρας ἐκδύνειν Arist. HA 549b26, Nic. Th. 31, Antig. Mir. 20, Antyll. ap. Orib. 10.35.4; of crabs, Arist. HA 600b20, Thphr. Fr. 177.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

γῆρας, γηραός (γερως), Ionic γηρεος, dative γήρει, γήρει, τό (from Homer down), old age: Luke 1:36 ἐν γήρει G L T Tr WH for Rec. ἐν γήρᾳ, a form found without variant in Sir. 25:3; (also Psalm 91:15 (); cf. Genesis 15:15 Alex.; Genesis 21:7; Genesis 25:8; 1 Chronicles 29:28 ibid.; Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 10, 7 [ET] variant; cf. Tdf. Proleg., p. 117); Fritzsche on Sir. 3:12; Sturz, De dial. Maced. etc., p. 155; Winers Grammar, (36 and) 64 (62); (Buttmann, 15 (14)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

γῆρας ,

Attic, gen. (-αος ) -ως , dat. ; Ion, and κοινή , -εος (-ους ), dat. ει , τό ,

[in LXX for H7872, etc.;]

old age: ἐν γήρει , Luke 1:36.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Magd 18.6 (B.C. 221) ἔχω [εἰς τὸ ] γῆρας τὰ ἀνάγκαια . P Lond 43.9 (ii/B.C.) (= I. p. 48) ἕξεις ἐφόδιον εἰς τὸ γῆρας , a mother’s optimistic assurance to her son who has just left school for a small post as teacher. P Flor III. 312.5 (A.D. 92) ἀπολυθῆναι τῶν λειτουργιῶν χχ (? such and such) διὰ γῆρας καὶ ἀσθένιαν . Ib. 382.36 (A.D. 222–3) πρὸ τοῦ γήρως , .65 ἡ διὰ τῆς σῆς φιλ ̣α [ν ]θρωπίας ἀνάπ ̣α ̣υσις τῷ γήρ ̣ᾳ δ ̣εομένη . (The old gen. may be also quoted from a rescript of Nero, OGIS 475.18 ἐπιμελεῖσθαι τοῦ σοῦ ] γήρως : so Genesis 44:20). From iv/A.D. we have P Thead 19.12 ἤδη εἰς γῆρας ἄκρον ἐληλυθηῖα , and P Oxy VI. 889.18, where a petitioner begs to be let off some municipal burden in view of γῆρας καὶ τὴν τοῦ σώ [ματος ἀσθένειαν . The compound γηροβοσκία occurs ib. .19, and in IX. 1210.5 (i/ii A.D.) ὲπιλελεγμένων ὑπὸ τῶν γονέων εἰς γηροβοσκίαν ἀφ᾽ ὧν ἔχουσι υἱῶν , ";men chosen by the parents from their sons to support them in old age"; (Ed.). For the compound εὐγηρία see OGIS 168.55 (B.C. 181–16) : the word is defined by Aristotle Rhet. I. 5. MGr has a derivative noun, γεράματα (plur.), with same meaning as γῆρας .



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
γήρα γήρας γήράς γηρει γήρει γήρους γήρως gerei gērei gḗrei
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