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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1181 - δεκάτη
- a tenth part of anything, a tithe
- the tenth party of booty taken from an enemy
- the tithes of fruits of the earth and of flocks, which by the law of Moses were presented to the Levites in the congregation of Israel
δεκάτη, ἡ, v. δέκατος.
(Arc. δέκοτος IG 5(2).282 (Mantinea, v B.C.), also Aeol. in Epigr.Gr. 988.5 (Balbilla)), η, ον: (δέκα): —
I tenth, Ἠώς Il. 6.175, etc.; as a round number, Od. 16.18, etc.
II δεκάτη (sc. μερίς), ἡ,
1. tenth part, tithe, τᾶς δεκάτας δεκάταν Simon. 141.4, cf. Hdt. 2.135, etc.; τῇ θεῷ τὰς δ. ἐξαιρεθῆναι Lys. 20.24; τὰ ἐκ τῆς δ. the produce of the tenth, IG 12.91, cf. Tab.Defix. 99.14: esp. as a customs-duty, D. 20.60; δεκάτη μόσχων PTeb. 307.8 (iii A.D.).
2. δεκάτη (sc. ἡμέρα), ἡ, the tenth day, Od. 9.83, al. δ. προτέρα· ἡ πρὸ εἰκάδος, ὡς ὑστέρα· ἡ μετ' εἰκάδα, Hsch.
3. festival on the tenth day after birth, when the child has a name given it, τὴν δ. θύειν to give a naming-day feast, Ar. Av. 922, cf. 494; δ. ὑπέρ τινος ἑστιᾶσαι D. 40.28, cf. 39.22.
4. δεκάτα· τάξις, ἄθροισμα, καὶ ἡ τῶν εἴκοσιν ἁρμάτων τάξις, Hsch.
5. δέκατον, τό, tenth part, LXX Leviticus 23:13; Leviticus 23:17 (pl.).
δεκάτη , -ης , ἡ ,
prop. fem. (sc. μέρος ) of δέκατος , -η , -ον ,
[in LXX for H4643: Genesis 14:20, Nehemiah 12:44, et al.;]
a tenth part, a tithe: Hebrews 7:2-4; Hebrews 7:8-9 (for a curious inversion of the Biblical use, v. MM, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The original ἀπόμοιρα paid to the temples on the produce of vineyards, palm-groves, etc. would seem to have been 1/6th, but this was reduced by the Government to 1/10th in the case of certain favoured classes : see P Rev L 244–10 with the editors’ notes. An odd inversion of the Jewish conception of tithes comes in P Hib I. 115.1 (c. B.C. 250) where, according to the editors, the μόσχων δεκάτης refers to a 10 per cent. duty levied upon the profits obtained by the priests from calves offered for sacrifice at the temple : see also the introduction to P Tebt II. 307 (A.D. 208) and Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 384 f.
For ἐπιδέκατον = an ";extra tenth"; in connexion with fines, see P Hib I. 32.9 (B.C. 246) note. In Theb Ostr 30.6 (? B.C. 87) the word is probably used for a ";tithe"; simply.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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