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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1187 - δεξιολάβος

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1188) and (G2983)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. throwing with the right hand, a slinger, an archer, javelinmen
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Acts 1
NAS (1)
Acts 1
HCS (1)
Acts 1
BSB (1)
Acts 1
ESV (1)
Acts 1
WEB (1)
Acts 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δεξιο-λάβος [], ,

spearman: in pl., guards, Acts 23:23 (v.l. δεξιοβόλους).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

δεξιολάβος, δεξιολαβου, (δεξιός and λαμβάνω), a word unknown to the earlier writings, found in Constantinus Porphyrogenitus (10th century) de them. 1, 1, who speaks of δεξιολαβοι, as a kind of soldiers, in company with bowmen (τοξοφοροι) and peltasts; (they are also mentioned by Theophylact Simocatta (hist. 4, 1) in the 7th century; see the quotations in Meyer). Since in Acts 23:23 two hundred of them are ordered to be ready, apparently spearmen are referred to (carrying a lance in the right hand); and so the Vulg. has taken it. The great number spoken of conflicts with the interpretation of those who suppose them to be soldiers whose duty it was to guard captives bound by a chain on the right hand. Meyer at the passage understands them to be (either) javelin men (or slingers).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

*† δεξιο -βόλος , -ου ,

(< δεξιός , βάλλω ),

one who throws with the right hand: L for δεξιολάβος , Acts 23:23.†

* δεξιολάβος , -ου ,

(< δεξιός , λαμβάνω ),

a kind of soldier, prob. a spearman (Vg., lancearius) or slinger: Acts 23:23.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

We have been no more fortunate than our predecessors in tracing earlier appearances of this ἅπ . εἰρ . of Acts 23:23. It may be a coinage to translate some title used in the Roman army; but obviously it was coined before Luke’s time, as its meaning could not be deduced from its form. Preuschen (HZNT in loc.) quotes from Matthaei a scholion which is not in Grimm : δεξιολάβοι λέγονται οἱ παραφύλακες .



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δεξιολαβους δεξιολάβους dexiolabous dexiolábous
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