Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #129 - αἷμα

Transliteration
haîma
Phonetics
hah'ee-mah
Origin
of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
1:172,26
Definition
Thayer's
  1. blood
    1. of man or animals
    2. refers to the seat of life
    3. of those things that resemble blood, grape juice
  2. blood shed, to be shed by violence, slay, murder
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1818 ‑ דָּם (dawm);  5331 ‑ נֶצַח (neh'‑tsakh, nay'‑tsakh);  7307 ‑ רוּחַ (roo'‑akh);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (98)
Matthew
11
Mark
2
Luke
8
John
6
Acts
12
Romans
3
1 Corinthians
4
Galatians
1
Ephesians
3
Colossians
2
Hebrews
21
1 Peter
2
1 John
4
Revelation
19
NAS (94)
Matthew
11
Mark
2
Luke
6
John
6
Acts
11
Romans
3
1 Corinthians
4
Galatians
1
Ephesians
3
Colossians
1
Hebrews
21
1 Peter
2
1 John
4
Revelation
19
HCS (97)
Matthew
11
Mark
3
Luke
8
John
6
Acts
11
Romans
3
1 Corinthians
4
Galatians
1
Ephesians
3
Colossians
1
Hebrews
21
1 Peter
2
1 John
4
Revelation
19
BSB (97)
Matthew
11
Mark
3
Luke
8
John
6
Acts
11
Romans
3
1 Corinthians
4
Galatians
1
Ephesians
3
Colossians
1
Hebrews
21
1 Peter
2
1 John
4
Revelation
19
ESV (93)
Matthew
11
Mark
2
Luke
8
John
6
Acts
11
Romans
3
1 Corinthians
4
Ephesians
3
Colossians
1
Hebrews
21
1 Peter
1
1 John
4
Revelation
18
WEB (98)
Matthew
11
Mark
4
Luke
8
John
6
Acts
12
Romans
3
1 Corinthians
4
Galatians
1
Ephesians
3
Colossians
1
Hebrews
20
1 Peter
2
1 John
4
Revelation
19
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

αἷμα, ατος, τό,

I

1. blood, Il. 1.303, etc.; φόνος αἵματος 16.162; ψυχῆς ἄκρατον αἷμα S. El. 786: in pl., streams of blood, A. Ag. 1293, S. Ant. 121, E. El. 1172, Alc. 496.

2. of anything like blood, Βακχίου Tim. Fr. 7; αἷ. σταφυλῆς LXX Si. 39.26, cf. App.Anth. 3.166 (Procl.). dye obtained from ἄγχουσα, alkanet, PHolm. 15.25, PLeid.X. 99.3.

3. with collat. meaning of spirit, courage, οὐκ ἔχων αἷμα pale, spiritless Aeschin. 3.160; τοὺς αἷμα φάσκοντας τὴν ψυχήν Arist. de An. 405b4.

II bloodshcd, murder, A. Ch. 520, S. OT 101; ὅμαιμον αἷ. a kinsman's murder, A. Supp. 449; εἴργασται μητρῷον αἷ. E. Or. 285, cf. 406; αἶ. πράττειν ib. 1139; αἷμα συγγενὲς κτείνας S. Fr. 799.3; αἷμα τραγοκτόνον shedding of goat's blood, E. Ba. 139; ἐφ' αἵματι φεύγειν to avoid trial for murder by going into exile, SIG 58 (Milet., V B.C.), D. 21.105; αἷμα συγγενὲς φεύγων E. Supp. 148: pl. in this sense, A. Ch. 66, 650, freq. in E., never in S.; αἵματασύγγονα brothers' corpses, E. Ph. 1502: concrete, νεακόνητον αἷ. keen-edged death, i. e. a sword, S. El. 1394 (expl. by μάχαιρα, Hsch.).

III

1. blood relationship, kin, αἷ. τε καὶ γένος Od. 8.583; αἵματός εἰς ἀγαθοῖο 4.611; οΐ σῆς ἐξ αἵματός εἰσι γενέθλης Il. 19.111; τὸ αἷ. τινος his blood or origin, Pi. N. 11.34; αἷ. ἐμφύλιον incestuous kinship, S. OT 1406; τοὺς πρὸς αἵματος Id. Aj. 1305, cf. Arist. Pol. 1262a11; μητρὸς τῆς ἐμῆς ἐν αἵματι akin to her by blood, A. Eu. 606, cf. Th. 141; ἀφ' αἵματος ὑμετέρου S. OC 245.

2. concrete, of a person, ὦ Διὸς.. αἷμα IG 14.1003.1, cf. 1389 ii4, etc.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

αἷμα , -τος , τό ,

[in LXX for H1818;]

blood.

1. In the ordinary sense: Mark 5:25, Luke 8:43-44; Luke 22:44, John 19:34, Acts 15:20; Acts 15:29; Acts 21:25, Revelation 8:7-8; Revelation 11:6; Revelation 16:3-4; Revelation 16:6; Revelation 19:13.

2. In special senses:

(a) of generation, origin, kinship (cl.): John 1:13 (v. MM, VGT, s.v.);

(b) as in OT (AR on Eph., l.c.), in the phrase σάρξ καὶ αἷ (αἷ . κ . σ .), to indicate human nature as opp. to God and created spirits: Matthew 16:17, 1 Corinthians 15:50, Galatians 1:16, Ephesians 6:12, Hebrews 2:14;

(c) of things in colour resembling blood: Acts 2:19-20, Revelation 6:12; Revelation 14:18-20

(d) of bloodshed, a bloody death (cl.): Matthew 23:30; Matthew 23:35; Matthew 27:4; Matthew 27:6; Matthew 27:8; Matthew 27:24-25, Luke 11:50-51; Luke 13:1, Acts 1:19; Acts 5:28; Acts 18:6; Acts 20:26; Acts 22:20, Hebrews 12:4, Revelation 6:10; Revelation 17:6; Revelation 18:24; Revelation 19:2; αἷ . ἐκχέειν (Deiss., LAE, 428; MM, VGT, s.v., αἷ ), Romans 3:15, Revelation 16:6;

(e) of sacrificial blood, as an expiation: Hebrews 9:7; Hebrews 9:12-13; Hebrews 9:18-22; Hebrews 9:25; Hebrews 10:4; Hebrews 11:28; Hebrews 13:11; of the blood of Christ, Matthew 26:28, Mark 14:24, Luke 22:20, John 6:53-54; John 6:56 Acts 20:28, Romans 3:25; Romans 5:9, 1 Corinthians 10:16; 1 Corinthians 11:25; 1 Corinthians 11:27 Ephesians 1:7; Ephesians 2:13, Colossians 1:20, Hebrews 9:12; Hebrews 9:14; Hebrews 10:19; Hebrews 10:29; Hebrews 12:24; Hebrews 13:20, 1 Peter 1:2; 1 Peter 1:19, 1 John 1:7 (cf. 1 John 5:6; 1 John 5:8), Revelation 1:5; Revelation 5:9; Revelation 7:14; Revelation 12:11. (Cremer, 69 f., 612 f.)†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

An interesting parallel to the common Biblical phrase αἷμα ἐκχέω, especially as it appears in Deuteronomy 19:10 καὶ οὐκ ἐκχυθήσεται αἷμα ἀναίτιον, is afforded by an inscription found on a tombstone at Rheneia, containing a Jewish ";prayer for vengeance,"; Syll 816.5 f. (ii/B.C.) ἐγχέαντας αὐτῆς τὸ ἀναίτιον αἷμα ἀδίκως : see the full discussion in Deissmann LAE p. 423 ff.. For the use of αἷμα, as in John 1:13, cf. P Lips I. 28.16 (A.D. 381) πρ [ ]ς τὸ εἶναί σου υἱ [ ]ν γνήσιον καὶ πρωτότοκον ὡς ἐξ ἰδίου αἵματος γεννηθέντα σοι. In P Leid C (verso) ii. 9 (p. 118—B.C. 161) two men appear in a dream saying Πτολεμαῖος, λαβὲ το [ὺς ] χαλκοὺς τοῦ αἵματος : they count out a purseful and say to one of the Twins εἰδοὺ τοὺς χαλκοὺς τοῦ αἵματος. Leemans quotes an opinion that this meant the price of a victim, and compares Matthew 27:6. In the sense of murder or blood-guiltiness it finds modern support in the Pontic dialect (Thumb BZ, xxii. p. 489), which is evidence for its place in the Eastern Κοινή, apart from any Semitic influence.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αιμα αιμά αίμα αίμά αἷμα αἷμά αίμασι αίμασί αίμασιν αίμασίν αίματα αιματι αίματι αίματί αἵματι αἵματί αιματος αίματος αίματός αἵματος αἵματός αιματων αιμάτων αἱμάτων aima aimati aimaton aimatōn aimatos haima haîma haîmá haimati haímati haímatí haimaton haimatōn haimáton haimátōn haimatos haímatos haímatós
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse: