Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1320 - διδάσκαλος
- a teacher
- in the NT one who teaches concerning the things of God, and the duties of man
- one who is fitted to teach, or thinks himself so
- the teachers of the Jewish religion
- of those who by their great power as teachers draw crowds around them i.e. John the Baptist, Jesus
- by preeminence used of Jesus by himself, as one who showed men the way of salvation
- of the apostles, and of Paul
- of those who in the religious assemblies of the Christians, undertook the work of teaching, with the special assistance of the Holy Spirit
- of false teachers among Christians
(but fem., h.Merc. 556, A. Pr. 110, cf. ξυμφορὴ γίνεται δ. Democr. 76; πενία ἐπινοιῶν δ. Secund. Sent. 10),
I teacher, master, μαντείης h.Merc. l.c.; δ. τέχνης πάσης βροτοῖς A. Pr. l.c.; δεινῶν ἔργων Lys. 12.78; πόλεμος βίαιος δ. Th. 3.82; διδάσκαλον λαβεῖν get a master, [ S. ] Fr. 1120.8; εἰς διδασκάλου (sc. οἶκον) φοιτᾶν go to school, Pl. Alc. 1.109d, etc.; διδασκάλων or ἐκ διδασκάλων ἀπαλλαγῆναι leave school, Id. Grg. 514c, Prt. 326c; ἐν διδασκάλων at school, Id. Alc. 1.110b.
II trainer of a dithyrambic or dramatic chorus, producer of a play, etc., ἴτω δὲ καὶ τραγῳδίας ὁ Κλεομάχου δ. Cratin. 256, cf. Ar. Av. 912, Ach. 628, Antipho 6.13, etc.; δ. τοῦ μεγάλου χοροῦ SIG 698.8 (Delph., ii B. C.).
* διδάσκαλος , -ου , ὁ
(< διδάσκω ),
[in LXX: Ezra 6:1, 2 Maccabees 1:10*;]
given as rendering of Heb. רַבִּי ,רַבּוֺן (NT, Ῥαββεί , Ῥαββουνεί q.v.);
a teacher: John 1:39; John 20:16; of Jewish teachers, Luke 2:46, John 3:10, cf. Romans 2:20-21; of John Baptist, Luke 3:12; of Jesus, John 3:2; John 3:10; John 8:4; John 11:28; John 13:13-14, and often in Syn., most freq. in voc., as title of address, as Matthew 8:19, Mark 4:38; of Jesus by himself, Matthew 23:8; of an apostle, 1 Timothy 2:7, 2 Timothy 1:11; of Christians, 1 Corinthians 12:28-29, Ephesians 4:11, Acts 13:1, James 3:1; of false teachers, 2 Timothy 4:3 (Cremer, 181; DB, i, 609, iii, 294, iv, 691).
SYN.: παιδευτής G3810, q.v.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
διδάσκαλος occurs ter in the contract of apprenticeship P Oxy IV. 725 (A.D. 183); cf. BGU IV. 1021.12 al. (iii/A.D.). OGIS 149.5 (ii/B.C.) διδάσ [καλος μαθημάτων ] τακτικῶν. For διδασκαλεῖον cf. the dream from the Serapeum P Par 51.9 (B.C. 160) (= Selections, p. 19) ἐξαί [φνης ] ἀνύγω τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς μου, καὶ ὁρῶ [τὰς ] Διδύμας ἐν τῷ διδασκαλήῳ τοῦ Τοθῆ [τος, ";in the school of Tothes,"; and the adj. διδασκαλικός in P Par 63.51 (B.C. 165) (P Petr III. p. 22) τρ ̣όπον τινὰ διδασκα [λι ]κὴ [ν ] ἡμῶν πεποημένων τὴν [ὑ ]φήγησιν, ";we made our explanation such as almost to teach you, like schoolboys"; (Mahaffy) : cf. P Oxy II. 275.34 (A.D. 66) κυρία ἡ διδασκαλική, ";the contract of apprenticeship is valid."; MGr δάσκαλος, ";teacher, schoolmaster,"; with derivative δασκαλεύω ";censure, teach one his lesson,"; keeps the old word without its reduplication.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Sixth Week after Easter