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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1464 - ἐγκοπή
- a cutting (made in a road to impede an enemy in pursuit)
- a hindrance
1. incision, Gal. 7.38; fracture of skull, Sor. Fract. 3, cf. Heliod. ap. Orib. 46.12.1.
2. steps cut in the wall of wells, etc., Ael.Dion. Fr. 90.
II hindrance, οἴησις προκοπῆς ἐ. Heraclit. 131, cf. Phld. D. 3.6, 1 Corinthians 9:12, Vett. Val. 2.7 (pl.); material obstacle, D.S. 1.32; interruption, check, τῆς ἁρμονίας D.H. Comp. 22; τοῦ λόγου Aristid. Rh. 2p.514S., cf. Iamb. Protr. 21; κατ' ἐγκοπάς disjointedly, Longin. 41.3.
*† ἐν -κοπή
(Rec. έγκ -, see ἐν ; T, ἐκκ -), -ῆς , ή
(< έγκόπτω );
1. an incision, a cutting, break.
2. Metaph., an interruption, a hindrance: 1 Corinthians 9:12.†
ἐγ -κοπή , see ἐνκ -.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The somewhat rare ἐκκοπή is found in its literal sense of ";cutting"; or ";cutting down"; in BGU IV. 1121.27 (B.C. 5) ξυλείας ] ἐκκοπήν, P Lond 214.24 (A.D. 270–5) (= II. p. 162), where with reference to the cutting down of two acacia trees an official is sent to inspect τῆς ἐκ [κοπ ]ῆς τὴν διάθεσιν, and P Gen I. 62.7 (mid. iv/A.D.) τεχνίτας πρὸς τὴν ἐκκοπὴν τῶν ξύλων, cf..11.
The derived meaning of ";hindrance"; in the only occurrence of ἐνκοπή in the NT (1 Corinthians 9:12) may be illustrated from Vett. Valens p. 2.7 ἐγκοπὰς τῶν πρασσομένων : the adj. ἐγκοπτικός also occurs ter, e.g. p. 182.12 κωλυτικοὶ καὶ ἐγκοπτικοὶ δόξης καὶ ὠφελείας.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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