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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1659 - ἐλευθερόω
- to make free
- set at liberty: from the dominion of sin
1. set free, τὰς Ἀθήνας Hdt. 5.62; Ἰωνίην Id. 4.137; πατρίδα A. Pers. 403; πόλιν Id. Ch. 1046, D. 21.144; δούλους Th. 8.15, etc.; ἐ. τὸν ἔσπλουν set the entrance free, clear it, Id. 3.51; release a debtor, Hdt. 6.59; τό γ' εἰς ἑαυτὸν πᾶν ἐλευθεροῖ στόμα he keeps his tongue altogether free, i.e. does not commit himself by speech, S. OT 706; free from blame, acquit, τινά X. HG 1.7.26: — Pass., to be set free, Hdt. 1.95, 127, al.; τυράννων Id. 5.62; indulge in licence, Pl. R. 575a.
2. c.gen., set free, release from, φόνου E. Hipp. 1449; χρεῶν Pl. R. 566e; ἀρότρου βοῦν Hld. 5.23; also ἐλευθεροῦντες ἐκ δρασμῶν πόδα, i.e. ceasing to flee, E. HF 1010: — Pass., τῶνδε τῶν τόπων ἐ. Pl. Phd. 114b; ἀπὸ τῶν πλουσίων Id. R. 569a.
ἐλευθερόω , -ῶ ,
[in LXX: Proverbs 25:10. 2 Maccabees 1:27; 2 Maccabees 2:22*;]
to make free from sin, John 8:32; John 8:36; seq. ἀπό , Romans 6:18; Romans 6:22; Romans 8:2; Romans 8:21; τ . ἐλευθερία (dat. commodi), Galatians 5:1 (on the "punctiliar" force of this verb, v. M, Pr. 149; cf. also Cremer, 251).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For this verb, which is found ";in innumerable documents of manumission,"; see again Deissmann as cited s.v. ἐλευθερία. Cf. from the papyri P Oxy III. 494.16 (A.D. 156) ἐλευθερουμένων δούλων σωμάτων with reference to certain slaves whom the testator had set free κατ᾽ εὔνοιαν καὶ φιλοστοργίαν, ";in consequence of their goodwill and affection."; The verb appears to be always punctiliar in the NT : see Proleg, p. 149. For subst. ἐλευθέρωσις see BGU II. 388i .16 (ii/)ii A.D.) ἐπηνέχθ [ησ ]αν ταβέλλαι δύ [ο ] ἐλευθερώσεων τοῦ αὐτοῦ ὀνόματος διαφόροις χρόνοις (note dat. of point of time, as in Mark 6:21 τοῖς γενεσίοις). MGr (ἐ)λευτερώνω.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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