Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1923 - ἐπιγραφή
- an inscription, title
- in the NT of an inscription in black letters upon a whitened tablet
- of the inscription on a coin
1. inscription, στηλῶν on stones, Th. 2.43, cf. Arist. Mir. 843b17, J. AJ 15.8.1; on a vase, BCH 6.6 (Delos, ii B.C.); on statues, Plb. 5.9.3.
2.. title of a work, Id. 3.9.3, Luc. Hist.Conscr. 30, etc.
3.. name of a ship, OGI 447 (i B.C.).
4.. ascription of a deed to its author, credit or honour of a thing, τὴν ἐ. τινος λαβεῖν Plb. 1.31.4, cf. PSI 4.424.9 (iii B.C.); ἀπενέγκασθαι D.S. 16.50.cf. Jul. Caes. 322d.
5.. insertion, interlineation in a document, PLond. 2.178.13 ii A.D.), PRyl. 316.2 (pl., ii A.D.).
1. description of parties in pleadings, Isaiah 4:2.
2.. registration of property for taxation, in pl., Isoc. 17.41 codd. (v. foreg.).
3.. impost, tax, PSI 5.510.11 (iii B.C.); assessment, POxy. 1445.8 (ii A.D.), etc.
4.. requisition, ὑποζυγίων BCH 46.309 (Teos).
* ἐπι -γραφή , -ῆς , ἡ
(< ἐπιγράφω ),
an inscription: Matthew 22:20, Mark 12:16; Mark 15:26, Luke 20:24; Luke 23:33.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
ἐπιγραφή in the literal sense of an ";insertion"; is found in P Lond II. 178.13 (A.D. 145) (= II. p. 207) τὸ δὲ χειρόγραφον. . καθαρὸν ἀπὸ ἐπιγραφῆς καὶ ἀλίφαδος κύριον ἔστω : see Archiv i. p. 125. Cf. also P Ryl II. 316.2 (ii/A.D.) ἀ ]πὸ δὲ ἐπιγραφῶν καὶ παραγραφῶν from a much mutilated sale of land. In PSI IV. 424.9 (iii/B.C.) τοῦτο δὲ ποιήσας ἔσει ἐμέ τε σεσωικὼς. . καὶ τὴν ἐπιγραφὴν ταύτην ἕξεις, the word is used of a mark or title of honour. It is common as a special term in connexion with a tax whose precise nature remains uncertain. Grenfell and Hunt describe it as in any case ";an extra burden"; as distinguished from the ordinary land taxes (Tebtunis Papyri, I. p. 38 ff.) : see also their note on P Oxy XII. 1445.8 (ii/A.D.), where the word is said to be used in papyri of the Roman period ";in the wide sense of ‘assessment’ in connexion with many kinds of taxes upon land,"; and cf. P Par 63.71 (B.C. 164) (= P Petr III. p. 24) καὶ μήτ᾽ ἐνίοις καταδεεστέραν τοῦ μετρίου τὴν ἐπιγραφὴν γενηθῆναι μήτε πάλιν ὑπερτείνουσαν αὐτὴν τυχοῦσαν, ";if the corvée were not unduly relaxed in some cases, nor, on the other hand, excessive in amount"; (Mahaffy).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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