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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #205 - ἀκροθίνιον

from (G206) and this (a heap)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. top of the heap, the first fruits
    1. best of the spoils or crops
  2. the Greeks customarily selected from the topmost part of the heaps and offered this to the gods
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀκρο-θίνιον [ θῑ], τό,

E. Ph. 282, Th. 1.132, Pl. Lg. 946b; mostly pl. ἀκρο-θίνια or ἀκρό-θῑνα, Pi. N. 7.41, al.: sg. ἄκρο-θις, ἡ, acc. -θινα GDI 2561 D 47 Rüsch (Delph., iv B. C.): (ἄκρος, θίς): topmost or best part of heap; hence, firstfruits of the field, booty, etc., offered to the gods, Simon. 109, Hdt. 1.86, 90, al., Pi.l.c., etc.; ἀ. τῆς Μαραθῶνι μάχης Michel 1117 (Delph.); ἀκρόθινα πολέμου, in Pi. O. 2.4, of the Olympic games, as founded from spoils taken in war, cf. ib. 10(11).57. Properly neut. Adj., A. Eu. 834 ἀκροθίνια θύη offerings of firstfruits. Post- Hom., rare in early Prose.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀκροθίνιον, , τό (from ἄκρος extreme, and θίς, genitive θινός, a heap; extremity, topmost part of a heap), generally in plural τά ἀκροθίνια the first-fruits, whether of crops or of spoils (among the Greeks customarily selected from the topmost part of the heaps and offered to the gods, Xenophon, Cyril 7, 5, 35); in the Bible only once: Hebrews 7:4, of booty. (Pindar, Aeschylus, Herodotus, Thucydides, Plutarch, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* ἀκροθίνιον , -ου , τό

(<ἄκρος , θίς , a heap),


the top of a heap, hence, in pl.,

1. first fruits (Xen.; MM, VGT, s.v.).

2. In war, the choicest spoils (cf. Hdt., viii, 121 f.): Hebrews 7:4.†.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The word is doubtfully restored in Syll 633.24 (ii/A.D.) where it is prescribed that the worshippers shall bring among other offerings κολλύβων χοίνικες δύο καὶ ἀκρο [θίνιον ?]. Cf. GDI 2561 d. .47 (Delphi, c. B.C. 395) τὠπόλλωνι τὰ ἀκρόθινα (pointed out by Prof. Thumb).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ακροθινιων ακροθινίων ἀκροθινίων akrothinion akrothiniōn akrothiníon akrothiníōn
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