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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2054 - ἔρις

Transliteration
éris
Phonetics
er'-is
Root Word (Etymology)
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
TDNT
None
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ἔριον
 
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Definition   
Thayer's
  1. contention, strife, wrangling
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (9)
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
NAS (9)
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
HCS (9)
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
BSB (9)
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
ESV (8)
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
WEB (8)
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἔρις

(A), ιδος, ἡ, acc. ἔριν Od. 3.136, etc.; also ἔριδα, usu. in : pl. ἔριδες, later ἔρεις Titus 3:9, etc.:

I strife, quarrel, contention: I in Il., mostly of battle-strife, αἰεὶ γάρ τοι ἔ. τε φίλη πόλεμοί τε μάχαι τε 1.177; μεμαυῖ' ἔριδος καὶ ἀϋτῆς 5.732, cf. 13.358; κακὴ ἔ. 3.7; ἔ. πτολέμοιο 14.389, al.; reversely, ἔριδος νεῖκος 17.384; ἔριδα ξυνάγοντες Ἄρηος 5.861; ἔριδι or ἐξ ἔριδος μάχεσθαι, 1.8, 7.111; ἔριδι ξυνιέναι 20.66, 21.390; later, τὰν Ἀδράστου τάν τε Καδμείων ἔριν Pi. N. 8.51; ἔρις ἐνόπλιος Gorg. Fr. 6 D.

II

1. generally, quarrel, strife, ἔρις θυμοβόρος Il. 20.253, etc.: less freq. in pl., ἔριδας καὶ νείκεα ib. 251: freq. of political or domestic discord, φόνοι, στάσεις, ἔρις, μάχαι S. OC 1234 (lyr.); ἔριδες, νείκη, στάσις,..πόλεμος Ar. Th. 788; ἔριδος ἀγών S. Aj. 1163 (anap.); ὅταν φίλοι φίλοισι συμβάλωσ' ἔριν E. Med. 521; ἔριν περί τινος ἐκφυγεῖν Pl. Lg. 736c; λύειν, κατασβέσαι, E. Ph. 81, S. OC 422; γενέσθαι ἔριν πρὸς σφᾶς αὐτούς Th. 6.31: with Preps., ἐς ἔριν ἐλθεῖν τινι Hdt. 9.33, cf. Ar. Ra. 877 (hex.); ἀφῖχθαι, ἐμπεσεῖν, E. IA 319 (troch.), 377; ἐν πολλῇ ἔριδι εἶναι Th. 2.21; ἐν ἔριδι εἶναι πρὸς ἀλλήλους Id. 6.35; ὑπὲρ τοῦ μέλλοντος δι' ἐρίδων ἦν Plu. Caes. 33: c. inf., εἰσῆλθε τοῖν τρὶς ἀθλίοιν ἔρις..ἀρχῆς λαβέσθαι S. OC 372.

2. wordy wrangling, disputation, ἐκ τῆς ἔριδος..ἐμάχοντο Hdt. 1.82; κοινῶν λόγων δώσοντες ἀλλήλοις ἔριν E. Ba. 715; ἐγένετο ἔρις τοῖς ἀνθρώποις μὴ λοιμὸν ὠνομάσθαι ἀλλὰ λιμόν Th. 2.54; ἦν ἔρις καὶ ἄγνοια εἴτε.. Id. 3.111; μεστὸς ἐρίδων καὶ δοξοσοφίας Pl. Phlb. 49a, cf. Ti. 88a; ἡ περὶ τὰς ἔριδας φιλοσοφία Isoc. 10.6; ἔριδος ἕνεκα Pl. Sph. 237b; cf. ἐριστικός.

III

1. Personified, Eris, a goddess who excites to war, Ἔ. κρατερή Il. 20.48; ἐν δ' Ἔ. ἐν δὲ Κυδοιμὸς ὁμίλεον, ἐν δ' ὀλοὴ Κήρ 18.535; Νὺξ..Ἔριν τέκε καρτερόθυμον Hes. Th. 225: hence, as goddess of Discord, at the marriage of Peleus and Thetis, Coluth. 39, al.

2. as a principle of nature, πάντα κατ' ἔριν γίνεσθαι Heraclit. 8: pl., Emp. 124.2. contention, rivalry, freq. in Od., ἔργοιο in work, 18.366; ὅς τις ἔριδα προφέρηται ἀέθλων for prizes, 8.210; ἔρις χερσὶ γένηται 18.13; ἔριδα προφέρουσαι in eager rivalry, 6.92; ἔριν στήσαντες ἐν ὑμῖν 16.292: in later Poets, contest, καλλονᾶς, μελῳδίας, E. IA 1308, Rh. 923; ὅπλων ἔριν ἔθηκε συμμάχοις Id. Hel. 100; ἔριν ἔχειν ἀμφὶ μουσικῇ Hdt. 6.129; Ἥρᾳ Παλλάδι τ' ἔριν μορφᾶς ἁ Κύπρις ἔσχεν E. IA 183; ἔριν ἐμβάλλειν τισὶ πρὸς ἀλλήλους ὅπως.. X. Cyr. 6.2.4; εἰς ἔριν ὁρμᾶσθαι ταύτης τῆς μάχης πρὸς τοὺς πεπαιδευμένους ib. 2.3.15; εἰς ἔριν συμβάλλειν τινὰς περὶ ἀρετῆς Id. Lac. 4.2; κατ' ἔριν τὴν Ἀθηναίων out of rivalry with.., Hdt. 5.88, cf. Pl. Criti. 109b; ἔβα Πινδάροιο (leg. -οι) ποτ' ἔριν Corinn. 21; Διὸς βρονταῖσιν εἰς ἔριν κτυπῶν in rivalry with.., E. Cyc. 328; in good sense, ἔρις ἀγαθῶν A. Eu. 975 (lyr.), cf. Hes. Op. 24.

ἔρις (B), = ἶρις, Att., acc. to Hsch. s.v. ἔριδας.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἔρις, ἔριδος, , accusative ἔριν (Philippians 1:15), pl. ἔριδες (1 Corinthians 1:11) and ἐρεῖς (2 Corinthians 12:20 (R G Tr text; Galatians 5:20 R G WH marginal reading); Titus 3:9 (R G L Tr); see (WHs Appendix, p. 157); Lob. ad Phryn., p. 326; Matthiae, § 80 note 8; Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr., p. 191f; (Winers Grammar, 65 (63); Buttmann, 24 (22))); contention, strife, wrangling: Romans 1:29; Romans 13:13; 1 Corinthians 1:11; 1 Corinthians 3:3; 2 Corinthians 12:20; Galatians 5:20; Philippians 1:15; 1 Timothy 6:4; Titus 3:9. (From Homer down.)


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἔρις , -ιδος ,

acc, ἔριν (on the declension, v. B1., § 8, 3; WH, App., 157), ,

[in LXX: Psalms 139:20, Sirach 28:11; Sirach 40:5; Sirach 40:9*;]

strife, wrangling, contention: Romans 1:29; Romans 13:13, 1 Corinthians 3:3, 2 Corinthians 12:20, Galatians 5:20, Philippians 1:15, 1 Timothy 6:4, Titus 3:9; pl. (see ἐριθία ), Romans 13:13, WH, mg., 1 Corinthians 1:11, Ga, l.c., WH, mg.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

As a new literary reference we may cite the Alexandrian Erotic Fragment P Grenf I. 1.21 (ii/B.C.) γίνωσκε (pap. γινωσχ᾽ ὅτι θυμὸν ἀνίκητον ἔχω ὅταν ἔρις λάβῃ με, ";know that I have a heart unconquerable when hate takes hold upon me."; The word is used in bonam partem in Kaibel 142.4—

ἣ κάλλει ψ [υχῆς πᾶσιν ἔβαλ ]λεν ἔριν

where the editor renders ";animi pulcritudine illa omnibus aemulandi studium iniecit.";

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έρεις ἔρεις εριδες έριδες ἔριδες εριδι έριδι ἔριδι εριδος έριδος ἔριδος εριν έριν ἔριν ερις έρις ἔρις ereis éreis erides érides eridi éridi eridos éridos erin érin eris éris
 
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