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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2059 - ἑρμηνεύω

from a presumed derivative of (G2060) (as the god of language)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to explain in words, expound
  2. to interpret
    1. to translate what has been spoken or written in a foreign tongue into the vernacular
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3887 ‑ לִיץ (loots);  8638 ‑ תִּרְגֵּם (teer‑gam');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
John 3
Hebrews 1
NAS (3)
John 2
Hebrews 1
HCS (3)
John 2
Hebrews 1
BSB (3)
John 2
Hebrews 1
ESV (3)
John 2
Hebrews 1
WEB (4)
John 3
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Dor. ἑρμᾱνεύω SIG 1168.88 (Epid.),

I interpret foreign tongues, X. An. 5.4.4; translate, D.H. Th. 49, etc.; ἀπὸ Πωμαϊκῶν PRyl. 62.30 (iii A. D.): Pass., Ἑλληνιστί D.H. 2.12, cf. LXX Job 42:17, etc.


1. explain, expound, S. OC 398, E. Fr. 636.5, etc.; ὑμῖν ταῦτα Antipho 3.2.1; ὅ τι λέγει Philyll. 11; τὰ τῶν ποιητῶν Pl. Ion 535a: Med., Id. Epin. 985b: Pass., Arist. SE 166b11.

2. put into words, express, Th. 2.60, Pl. Lg. 966b, etc.; τι διά τινος Hermog. Id. 2.5; τι πεζῶς Id. Meth. 30: Pass., D.H. Comp. 25.

3. describe, write about, τὸν Νεῖλον Demetr. Eloc. 121.

III abs., speak clearly, articulate, Hp. Epid. 5.74.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἑρμηνεύω: (present passive ἑρμηνεύομαι); (from Ἑρμῆς, who was held to be the god of speech, writing, eloquence, learning);

1. to explain in words, expound: (Sophocles, Euripides), Xenophon, Plato, others.

2. to interpret, i. e. to translate what has been spoken or written in a foreign tongue into the vernacular (Xenophon, an. 5, 4, 4): John 1:38 () R G T, (); ; Hebrews 7:2. (2 Esdr. 4:7 for תַּרְגֵּם.) (Compare: διερμηνεύω, μεθερμηνεύω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἑρμηνεύω ,

[in LXX: Ezra 4:7 (H8638), Ezra 10:3 Job 42:17β *;]

1. to explain.

2. to interpret: Luke 24:27 (WH, mg.), John 1:39; John 1:43; John 9:7, Hebrews 7:2.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

To the legal BGU I. 326, cited s.v. ἑρμηνεία, there is added the following official docket—ii. 22 Γάϊος Λούκκιος Γεμινι [ανὸ ]ς νομικὸς Ῥωμαϊκὸς ἡρμήνευσα τὸ προκείμενον ἀντίγραφον καί ἐστιν σύμφωνον τῇ αὐθεντικῇ διαθήκῃ. Cf. the fragment of an unknown Latin work, P Ryl II. 62 (iii/A.D.), which ends—Ὀλύμπ [ιος ] Ἰσ [ι ]δωριανὸς [. . . . . . .] ἑρμήνευσα ἀπὸ Ῥω [μα ]ϊκῶν. The verb is used in a wider sense in BGU I. 140.20 (A.D. 201–2) τὸ αὐστηρότερον ὑπὸ τῶν πρὸ ἐμοῦ αὐτοκρατόρων σταθὲν φιλανθρωπότερ [ο ]ν ἑρμηνεύω : cf. Luke 24:27 D. MGr = ";explain,"; ";comment upon.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ερμηνευεται ερμηνεύεται ἑρμηνεύεται ερμηνευόμενον ερμηνευομενος ερμηνευόμενος ἑρμηνευόμενος ηρμηνευομένην ermeneuetai ermēneuetai ermeneuomenos ermēneuomenos hermeneuetai hermeneúetai hermēneuetai hermēneúetai hermeneuomenos hermeneuómenos hermēneuomenos hermēneuómenos
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