the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #212 - ἀλαζονεία
- empty, braggart talk
- an insolent and empty assurance, which trusts in its own power and resources and shamefully despises and violates divine laws and human rights
- an impious and empty presumption which trusts in the stability of earthy things
false pretension, imposture, Pl. Grg. 525a, D. 22.47, etc., cf. Arist. EN 1127a13, Thphr. Char. 23; ὑπ' ἀλαζονείας Ar. Ra. 919: in pl., Id. Eq. 290, 903, Isoc. 12.20; boastfulness, Procop. Pers. 1.11: metaph., ἀ. χορδῶν their over-readiness to sound, opp. ἐξάρνησις, Pl. R. 531b. [That penult. is long appears from Ar.ll. cc., Men. 737.]
ἀλαζονεία, and ἀλαζονία (which spelling, not uncommon in later Greek, T WH adopt (see Iota)), ἀλαζονείας, ἡ (from ἀλαζονεύομαι, i. e. to act the ἀλαζών, which see);
a. in secular writings (from Aristophanes down) generally empty, bragqart talk sometimes also empty display in act, swagger. For illustration see Xenophon, Cyril 2, 2, 12; mem. 1, 7; Aristotle, eth. Nic. 4, 13, p. 1127, Bekker edition; (also Trench, § xxix.), b. "an insolent and empty assurance, which trusts in its own power and resources and shamefully despises and violates divine laws and human riqhts:" 2 Macc. 9:8; Wis. 5:8.
c. an impious and empty presumption which trusts in the stability of earthly things, (R. V. vaunting): James 4:16 (where the plural has reference to the various occasions on which this presumption shows itself; (cf. Winers Grammar, § 27, 3; Buttmann, 77 (67))); τοῦ βίου, display in one's style of living, (R. V. vainglory), 1 John 2:16.
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(Rec. -εία , the earlier form), -ας , ἡ
(< ἀλαζών ),
[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 5:8; Wisdom of Solomon 17:7; Wisdom of Solomon 17:2,4 Maccabees 5:1-38 *;]
the character of an ἀλαζών , boastfulness, vainglory, vaunting: James 4:16 (Mayor, in l), 1 John 2:16.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
To its later literary record may be added Test. xii. patr., Joshua 17:1-18 οὐχ ὕψωσα ἐμαυτὸν ἐν ἀλαζονείᾳ διὰ τὴν κοσμικὴν δόξαν μου , ἀλλ᾽ ἤμην ἐν αὐτοῖς ὡς εἶς τῶν ἐλαχίστων (cited by Mayor on James 4:16).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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