Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2176 - εὐώνυμος

Transliteration
euṓnymos
Phonetics
yoo-o'-noo-mos
Origin
from (G2095) and (G3686)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. of good name and of good omen
    1. in the latter sense used in taking auguries; but those omens were euphemistically called "euonumos" which in fact were regarded as unlucky, i.e. which came from the left, sinister omens, (for which a good name was desired)
  2. left, on the left hand
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8040 ‑ שְׂמֹאל (sem‑ole', sem‑ole');  6828 ‑ צָפֹן (tsaw‑fone', tsaw‑fone');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (10)
Matthew
5
Mark
3
Acts
1
Revelation
1
NAS (9)
Matthew
5
Mark
2
Acts
1
Revelation
1
HCS (9)
Matthew
5
Mark
2
Acts
1
Revelation
1
BSB (9)
Matthew
5
Mark
2
Acts
1
Revelation
1
ESV (9)
Matthew
5
Mark
2
Acts
1
Revelation
1
WEB (10)
Matthew
5
Mark
3
Acts
1
Revelation
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

εὐώνυμ-ος

(A), ον, (ὄνομα)

I

1. of good name, honoured, Hes. Th. 409, Pi. O. 2.7, etc.; εὐ. χάρις the honour of a good name, Id. P. 11.58; δίκη.. μὴ εὐ. not creditable, Pl. Lg. 754e.

2. expressed in well-chosen terms, λόγος Luc. Lex. 1.

II

1. having an auspicious name or sound, ἀριστοκρατία Pl. Plt. 302d; πρόσρημα D.C. 52.4.

2. prosperous, fortunate, δίκα, πόδες, Pi. N. 7.48, 8.47, cf. Eust. 895.37.

3. epith. of Artemis, Ἀρχ. Ἐφ. 1914.20 (Gonni, iv/iii B.C.).

III euphem. (like ἀριστερός)

1. for left, on the left hand (because bad omens came from the left), ὠλένη εὐ. S. Tr. 926; ἐξ εὐωνύμου χειρός Hdt. 7.109; ἐξ εὐωνύμου (sc. χειρός) Id. 1.72; κατὰ τὰ εὐ. X. Lac. 11.10; εἰς τὰ εὐ. παρεκκλίνειν Arist. PA 666b7; ἐπὶ τὰ εὐ. ἀνακλίνεσθαι Id. HA 498a11; ἐξ -ωνύμων Matthew 20:21; as military term, τὸ εὐ. κέρας Hdt. 6.111, Th. 5.67, etc.; τὸ εὐ. (without κέρας) Th. 4.96.

2. euphem. of bad omens, opp. οἱ δεξιοὶ φύσιν, A. Pr. 490, cf. SIG 1167.3 (Ephesus, vi/v B. C.).

3. Astron., southerly, Cleom. 1.1.

εὐώνυμ-ος

(B), , spindle-tree, Euonymus europaeus, Plin. HN 13.118; τὸ εὐ. δένδρον Thphr. HP 3.18.13.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

εὐώνυμος , -ον

(εὖ , ὄνομα ),

[in LXX chiefly for H8040;]

1. of good name or omen.

2. Euphemistic for ἀριστερός , left: Acts 21:3, Revelation 10:2; ἐξ εὐωνύμων , on the left: Matthew 20:21; Matthew 20:23; Matthew 25:33; Matthew 25:41; Matthew 27:38, Mark 10:40; Mark 15:27.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

It is curious that, while δεξιός is common, εὐώνυμος does not occur at all in the indices to P Oxy I.—XII. and BGU I.—IV. For an interesting usage see the astrological P Ryl II. 63 cited s.v. δεξιός, and cf. Syll 801, a V/B.C. inscr. from Ephesus dealing with augury, where it is laid down that if a bird flying from right to left concealed its wing, it was a good omen (δεξιός), but if it raised its left wing (ἢν δὲ ἐπάρει τὴ [ν ε ]ὐώνυμον πτέρυγα), then, whether it raised or concealed the wing, it was of ill omen (εὐώνυμος).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ευώνυμα ευωνυμον ευώνυμον εὐώνυμον ευώνυμος ευωνυμων ευωνύμων εὐωνύμων εφαδανώ euonumon euōnumon euōnumōn euonymon euonýmon euōnymon euōnymōn euōnýmōn euṓnymon
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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