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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2204 - ζέω

Root Word (Etymology)
a primary verb
Parts of Speech
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  1. to boil with heat, be hot
    1. used of water
    2. metaph.
      1. used of boiling anger, love, zeal, for what is good or bad etc.
      2. fervent in spirit, said of zeal for what is good
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7311 ‑ רָמַם (room);  7570 ‑ רָתַח (raw‑thakh');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Acts 1
Romans 1
NAS (3)
Acts 2
Romans 1
HCS (2)
Acts 1
Romans 1
BSB (2)
Acts 1
Romans 1
ESV (2)
Acts 1
Romans 1
WEB (2)
Acts 1
Romans 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


contr. 3 sg. ζεῖ even in Il. 21.362; later ζείω Call. Dian. 60, subj. ζείῃσι Epic. in Arch.Pap. 7p.7; in late Prose ζέννυμι (q.v.): impf. ζέε Il. 21.365, ἔζεε Hes. Th. 695, ἔζει S. OC 434: fut. ζέσω (ἐξανα-) A. Pr. 372: aor. ἔζεσα Hdt. 7.188, cf. ἐπιζέω; ζέσσα Il. 18.349: Pass., aor. ἐζέσθην (ἀπ-) Dsc. 1.3, (ἐν-) Aret. CA 1.2: pf. ἔζεσμαι Gp. 10.54.3:


1. boil, seethe, of water, ἐπεὶ δὴ ζέσσεν ὕδωρ ἐνὶ ἤνοπι χαλκῷ Il. 18.349, Od. 10.360; ὡς δὲ λέβης ζεῖ ἔνδον as the kettle boils, Il. 21.362, cf. E. Cyc. 343; rarely of solids, to be fiery hot, χθὼν ἔζεε Hes. Th. 695, 847; χαλκός Call. l.c.

2. ferment, Hp. VM 11; γλεύκους ζέοντος Dsc. 5.8.

3. metaph., boil or bubble up, τῆς θαλάσσης ζεσάσης Hdt. 7.188; αἷμα διὰ χρωτὸς ζέσσ' AP 7.208 (Anyte); οἶνος ζεῖ Pl. Lg. 773d. of passion, ὁπηνίκ' ἔζει θυμός S. OC 434, cf. Pl. R. 440c, etc.; τὸ ζέον τῆς μάχης Hld. 1.33.

4. c. gen., boil up or over with a thing, λίμνη ζέουσα ὕδατος καὶ πηλοῦ Pl. Phd. 113a; πίθος ζ. [οἴνου ] Thphr. HP 9.17.3; πεδία ζείοντ' Ἀγαρηνῶν boiling, teeming with.., APl. 4.39 (Arab.); of persons, ζ. σκωλήκων Luc. Alex. 59: c. dat., ζ. φθειρί Id. Sat. 26; ζ. φλογμῷ Lyc. 690; θάλαττα αἵυατι καὶ ῥοθίῳ ζέουσα Aristid. 1.142J.


1. causal, make to boil, boil, τοὶ δὲ λοετρὰ πυρὶ ζέον A.R. 3.273; θυμὸν ἐπὶ Τροίῃ πόσον ἔζεσας; AP 7.385 (Phil.).

2. exhale, ἀϋτμήν (v.l. -μῇ) A.R. 1.734. (ζέ(ς)-ω, cf. ζες-τός, Skt. yásati 'boil', OHG. jësan 'ferment', 'foam', Engl. yeast.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ζέω; to boil with heat, be hot; often in Greek writings; thus of water, Homer, Iliad 18, 349; 21, 362 (365); metaphorically, used of 'boiling' anger, love, zeal for what is good or bad, etc. (Tragg., Plato, Plutarch, others); ζέων (on this uncontracted form cf. Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr. (or his School Gram. (Robinson's translation)) § 105 N. 2, i., p. 481; Matthiae, i., p. 151; (Hadley § 371 b.)) τῷ πνεύματι, fervent in spirit, said of zeal for what is good, Acts 18:25; Romans 12:11; cf. especially Rückert and Fritzsche on Romans, the passage cited

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ζέω ,

[in LXX for H7311, H7570, metaph., 4 Maccabees 18:20;]

to boil, be hot; metaph., of anger, love, zeal: ptcp., fervent: τ . πνεύματι , Acts 18:25, Romans 12:11.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ζέω is found in its literal sense in a iii/A.D. recipe, P Lond 121.170 (= I. p. 89) ᾠὸν ὅμοιον μήλον (l. μήλῳ) γενέσθαι ζέσας τὸ ᾠὸν χρείε κρόκῳ μείξας μετ᾽ οἴνου : cf. the medical recipe P Oxy XI. 1384.36 (v/A.D.) λαβὸν (l. ὼν) μῆλα κυπαρίσου ζέσας κλοίζου, ";take the fruit of a cypress, boil it and apply"; (Edd.). MGr ζέσι, ζέστη, ";heat,"; and ζεσταίνω, ";make warm.";




The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έζεσε ζεοντες ζέοντες ζεων ζέων zeon zeōn zéon zéōn zeontes zéontes
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