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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2284 - θαμβέω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2285)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to be astonished
  2. to astonish, terrify
    1. to be amazed
    2. to be frightened
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1204 ‑ בָּעַת (baw‑ath');  2648 ‑ חָפַז (khaw‑faz');  6348 ‑ פָּחַז (paw‑khaz');  7264 ‑ רָגַז (raw‑gaz');  7290 ‑ רָדַם (raw‑dam');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Mark 4
Acts 1
NAS (3)
Mark 3
CSB (3)
Mark 3
BSB (3)
Mark 3
ESV (3)
Mark 3
WEB (4)
Mark 4
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions



1. to be astounded, οἱ δὲ ἰδόντες θάμβησαν Il. 8.77, cf. B. 5.84; οἱ δ' ἀνὰ θυμὸν ἐθάμβεον Od. 4.638, etc.; καὐτὸς τεθάμβηκ' S. Ant. 1246; ἐθάμβησεν δὲ πᾶς.. ὅμιλος E. Ion 1205.

2. c. acc., to be astonished at, θάμβησαν δ' ὄρνιθας Od. 2.155, cf. 16.178; τὸν ἐθάμβεον Ἄρτεμίς τε καὶ Ἀθάνα Pi. N. 3.50; τέρας δ' ἐθάμβουν A. Supp. 570 (lyr.): in late Prose, Plu. Aem. 34.

II later also causal, alarm, LXX 2 Samuel 22:5; τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς τινος PMag.Par. 1.237: Pass., to be astounded, Mark 1:27, POxy. 654.7, PMag. Leid.W. 11.39; τεθαμβημένος astounded, Plu. Brut. 20; διά τινος Id. Caes. [45].

Thayer's Expanded Definition

θαμβέω, θαμβω; passive, imperfect ἐθαμβουμην; 1 aorist ἐθαμβήθην; (θάμβος, which see);

1. to be astonished: Acts 9:6 Rec. (Homer, Sophocles, Euripides)

2. to astonish, terrify: 2 Samuel 22:5; passive to be amazed: Mark 1:27; Mark 10:32; followed by ἐπί with the dative of the thing, Mark 10:24; to be frightened, 1 Macc. 6:8; Wis. 17:3; Plutarch, Caesar 45; Brut. 20. (Compare: θάμβος (allied with τάφος amazement, from a Sanskrit root signifying to render immovable; Curtius, § 233; Vanicek, p. 1130), θάμβους, τό; from Homer down; amazement: Luke 4:36; Luke 5:9; Acts 3:10.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

θαμβέω , -

(θάμβος )

[in LXX for H1204 ni., pi., etc.;]

1. to be amazed.

2. In late Gk., to astonish, terrify (2 Samuel 22:5): pass., Mark 1:27; Mark 10:32; seq. ἐπί c. dat rei, Mark 10:24.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

See P Leid Wv. 30 (ii/iii A.D.) ἰδὼν τὸν δράκοντα ὁ θεὸς ἐθαμβήθη καὶ ἐπόππυσε, and ib.xi. 39 καὶ ἡ γῆ ἀκούσασαἠχοῦς, καὶ ἰδοῦσα αὐτήν, ἐθαμβήθη, where the aor. has its full pass. force as in Mark 1:27 (cf. Blass-Debrunner § 78). The verb is restored in the new Logion, P Oxy IV. 654.7 μὴ παυσάσθω ὁ ζη [τῶν. . . . . . . . ἕως ἂν ] εὕρῃ καὶ ὅταν εὕρῃ [θαμβηθήσεται καὶ θαμ ]βηθεὶς βασιλεύσει. In MGr we have θαμπαίνω and θαμπώνω = ";blind,"; ";dazzle.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εθαμβήθη εθαμβήθην εθαμβηθησαν εθαμβήθησαν ἐθαμβήθησαν εθάμβησάν εθαμβουντο εθαμβούντο ἐθαμβοῦντο θαμβείσθαι θαμβουμένους θαμβών ethambethesan ethambēthēsan ethambḗthesan ethambḗthēsan ethambounto ethamboûnto
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