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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2322 - θεραπεία

from (G2323)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. service rendered by one to another
  2. spec. medical service: curing, healing
  3. household service
    1. body of attendants, servants, domestics
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4795 ‑ מְרוּקִים (maw‑rook');  5650 ‑ עֶבֶד (eh'‑bed);  6116 ‑ עֲצֶרֶת (ats‑aw‑raw', ats‑eh'‑reth);  8655 ‑ תְּרָפִים (ter‑aw‑feme');  
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KJV (4)
Matthew 1
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Revelation 1
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The Lexham English Bible
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LSB (3)
Luke 2
Revelation 1
N95 (3)
Luke 2
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. θερᾰπ-ηΐη (θερᾰπ-είη Hp. Art. 80,al.), ,

service, attendance:


1. of persons, θ. τῶν θεῶν service paid to the gods, Pl. Euthphr. 13d, cf. E. El. 744 (lyr.); θεῶν καὶ ἡρώων θεραπεῖαι Pl. R. 427b, etc.; ἡ περὶ τοὺς θεοὺς θ. Isoc. 11.24; ἀγυιάτιδες θ. worship of Apollo Agyieus, E. Ion 187; τὴν θ. ἀποδιδόναι τοῖς θεοῖς Arist. Pol. 1329a32; θ. τῆς μήνιδος Jul. Or. 5.159b: abs., πᾶσαν θ. ὡς ἰσόθεος θεραπευόμενος Pl. Phdr. 255a, cf. Antipho 4.2.4; of parents, γονέων θεραπείας καὶ τιμάς Pl. Lg. 886c, cf. Gorg. Fr. 6 D.; of children, nurture, care, μικροὺς παῖδας θεραπείας δεομένους Lys. 13.45; θ. καὶ ἐσθής X. Mem. 3.11.4; θ. σώματος, ψυχῆς, Pl. Grg. 464b, La. 185e.

2. service done to gain favour, paying court, θ. τοῦ κοινοῦ καὶ τῶν αἰεὶ προεστώτων Th. 3.11; ἐν θεραπείᾳ ἔχειν πολλῇ Id. 1.55; πάσῃ θεραπείᾳ θεραπεύειν τινά X. HG 2.3.14; θεραπείαις προσαγαγέσθαι Isoc. 3.22; τῇ θ. ψυχαγωγούμενος D. 59.55.

II medical or surgical treatment or cure, χειρός, ποδός, Hp.l.c.; αἱ ὑπὸ τῶν ἰατρῶν θ. αἱ διὰ καύσεων γιγνόμεναι cures by cautery, Pl. Prt. 354a; ἡ ἐκ τῶν γραμμάτων θ. treatment secundum artem, Arist. Pol. 1287a40, cf. Gal. 1.400, etc.; τῶν καμνόντων Pl. Prt. 345a, cf. Th. 2.51, Phld. Ir. p.21 W.; τοῦ σώματος Id. Lib. p.19 O., Vit.Philonid. p.9 C.; healing, θεραπείας ἐπιτυχών Sammelb. 1537b: in pl., cures, ἰατρὸς ποιεῖ -είας POxy. 1r. 13.


1. of animals, care, tendance, Pl. Euthphr. 13a, Arist. HA 578a7 (pl.).

2. of plants, cultivation, Pl. Tht. 149e, Thphr. HP 2.2.12.

3. maintenance or repairs of temples, SIG 1106.49 (Cos, iv/iii B.C.), 1102.8 (ii B.C.).

4. preparation of fat for medical use, Dsc. 2.76. in collective sense, body of attendants, retinue, Hdt. 1.199, 5.21, 7.184, LXX Genesis 45:16; σὺν ἱππικῇ θ. X. Cyr. 4.6.1; ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς θ. τεταγμένος Plb. 4.87.5.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

θεραπεία, θεραπείας, (θεραπεύω);

1. service, rendered by anyone to another.

2. special medical service, curing, healing: Luke 9:11; Revelation 22:2, ((Hippocrates), Plato, Isocrates, Polybius).

3. by metonymy, household, i. e. body of attendants, servants, domestics: Matthew 24:45 R G; Luke 12:42 (and often so in Greek writings; cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 469; for עֲבָדִים, Genesis 45:16).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

θεραπεία , -ας ,

(θεραπεύω ),

[in LXX for H5650 Genesis 45:16 (cf. Ezra 5:2), etc.;]

1. service.

2. healing: Luke 9:11 (Field, Notes, 60), Revelation 22:2.

3. Collective, household attendants, servants: Luke 12:42 (LXX, ll. c.).†

*† οἰκετεία , -ας ,

(< οἰκέτης ),

a household (of servants): Matthew 24:45.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

An interesting example of this subst. = ";medical treatment,"; a ";cure"; in the sense in which we often use that term, as in Luke 9:11, is found in P Tebt I. 44.6 (B.C. 114) where the writer states that he had been staying in the great temple of Isis ἐπὶ θεραπείαι. . . χάριν τῆς περιεχούσης με ἀρρωστίας, i.e. not ";for devotional purposes,"; but, as the editors alternatively render the phrase in their note, ";for medical treatment on account of the sickness from which I am suffering"; : cf : Wilcken Chrest. I. p. 148 ";zur Kur."; The word is found in the same sense in the new Logion, P Oxy I. 1 recto.13 λέγει Ἰησοῦς, οὐκ ἔστιν δεκτὸς προφήτης ἐν τῇ πατρίδι αὐτ [ο ], οὐδὲ ἰατρὸς ποιεῖ θεραπείας εἰς τοὺς γεινώσκοντας αὐτόν. For a similar association with ";healing,"; ";health,"; cf. Preisigke 159 τὸ προσκύνημα Εὐγράφιος παρὰ τῷ κυρίῳ θεῷ Ἀσκληπιῷ καὶ Ἀμενώθῃ καὶ Ὑγιείᾳ. Μνήσθητι ὑμῶν καὶ παράδος ὑμῖν θεραπείαν, and ib. 1537 b Ἀλέ [ξαν ]δ [ρ ]ος ὁ καὶ Ἀγαθὸς Δαίμων θεραπίας ἐπιτυχὼν ὅλου σώματος χαρίον (l. χαριστήριον) ἀνέθηκεν, ἐπ᾽ ἀγαθῶι. In P Par 31.7 (ii/B.C.) the word is used with reference to the religious service which the Twins render in the Serapeum—πρὸς τῇ θεραπείᾳ τοῦ Σαράπιος καὶ τῆς Ἴσιος. Cf. OGIS 383.10 (mid. i/B.C.) θεραπείαν τε ἀνέγλειπτον καὶ ἱερεῖς ἐπιλέξας σὺν πρεπούσαις ἐσθῆσι Περσικῶι γένει κατέστησα, and ib. .181 προνοούμενος θεραπείας τε καὶ κόσμου πρέποντος ἱερῶν ἀγαλμάτων : also Michel 829.18 (1st half i/B.C.) ἐπεσκεύασα δὲ καὶ τὸ προσκήνιον [καὶ εἰς ] τὴν τῶν ἀγαλμάτων ἐπαγάνωσιν καὶ θ [ε ]ραπείαν ἔδωκα τῇ κατασταθείσῃ ἀρχῇ δραχμὰς διακοσίας ἐνενήκοντα τέττ [α ]ρας.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
θεραπεία θεραπειαν θεραπείαν θεραπειας θεραπείας therapeian therapeían therapeias therapeías
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